"Our problem is that we not so much fighting terrorism in Egypt but are mainly taking measures to prevent terrorist acts," Alam, who now works as a counter-terrorism experts, told RIA Novosti.
He stressed that the fight against terrorism should include a whole range of political, economic, cultural, social, media and religious approaches.
"It is necessary to have an entire group of ministers and institutions task themselves with this," the general added, warning that terrorist attacks will continue without such an approach despite tightened security.
Commenting the attacks, the expert said these are likely linked to the Egyptian security operation on the Sinai peninsula.
"Incidents were a response to the actions on the Sinai peninsula or to the recent court sentences for terrorists. Terrorist groups have concrete aims and fulfill them when they have the chance," Alam said.
Egypt has been fighting a jihadist insurgency in northern Sinai since the army, led by President Abdel Fattah Sisi, overthrew then Islamist president Mohamed Morsi in 2013. Police and security forces have been the target of deadly attacks by Islamists in the area.
In 2014, Sinai's indigenous militants pledged allegiance to Daesh group, which is outlawed in many countries, including Russia and the United States. The self-proclaimed Wilayat Sinai has subsequently claimed responsibility for a number of deadly attacks in the area.