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    Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF) fighters walk with their weapons, north of Raqqa city, Syria November 6, 2016.

    Operation Euphrates Rage: What is Known So Far About Raqqa Offensive

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    Operation to Liberate Raqqa From Daesh (18)
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    The Kurdish-led Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF) have launched a large-scale operation to isolate and eventually free Raqqa, the so-called capital of Daesh's caliphate, on Sunday, with US and Turkish defense officials reaching an agreement on "a long-term plan for seizing, holding and governing" the embattled city.

    Here is what you need to know about the ongoing operation.

    Operation Euphrates Rage

    The offensive, formally known as Operation Euphrates Rage (or Wrath), was launched on November 6 by the Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF), with France, the United Kingdom and the United States expected to provide air support. The SDF is a multi-ethnic alliance of Kurdish, Arab, Assyrian, Armenian, Turkmen and Circassian fighters, with the People's Protection Units playing the leading role in the force.

    SDF commanders made the announcement in the Ein Issa, located some 30 miles north of Raqqa. A total of 30,000 fighters are said to be taking part in the operation.

    Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF) commanders attend a news conference in Ain Issa, Raqqa Governorate, Syria November 6, 2016.
    © REUTERS/ Rodi Said
    Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF) commanders attend a news conference in Ain Issa, Raqqa Governorate, Syria November 6, 2016.

    ​The Russian Aerospace Forces and the Syrian Arab Army are not taking part in this campaign.

    Why Raqqa

    The Syrian city of Raqqa, home to approximately 200,000 people, has been under Daesh control since January 2014. It has been viewed as the capital of the terrorist group's caliphate spanning across large parts of Syria and neighboring Iraq.

    Some of Daesh's senior leaders as well as about 5,000 militants are believed to be currently staying in Raqqa. The city's liberation has been viewed as key to degrading and eventually destroying the brutal group.

    Number 1 goal

    Contrary to what one might think, Raqqa's liberation is not the first order of business.

    The Syrian Democratic Forces' key goal at this stage involves isolating and encircling Raqqa. The Pentagon ostensibly wants to prevent Daesh fighters in Raqqa from helping the militants fighting in Mosul and vice versa. In addition, US defense officials want to reduce the terrorist group's capabilities to carry out operations beyond Syria, particularly in Europe, Turkey and the US.

    The operation aimed at encircling Raqqa is not expected to happen in an instant. The SDF "are moving south to isolate the enemy that's in the vicinity of Raqqa and in Raqqa," Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff Gen. Joseph Dunford said on Sunday. "We always advertised that the isolation phase is going to take months."

    Turkish soldiers fire an upgraded M60 tank during fighting against Daesh terrorists near the northern Syrian village of Beraan, north of the embattled city of Aleppo, on October 24, 2016
    © AFP 2016/ Nazeer al-Khatib
    Turkish soldiers fire an upgraded M60 tank during fighting against Daesh terrorists near the northern Syrian village of Beraan, north of the embattled city of Aleppo, on October 24, 2016

    Turkey's role

    Turkey has repeatedly expressed its wish to take part in the operation aimed at liberating Raqqa, also saying that the Kurds, the Pentagon's primary allies on the ground, should not lead the offensive. On Sunday, the Pentagon confirmed that US and Turkish defense officials finally reached an agreement on the issue that has caused tensions between the two NATO allies for weeks. 

    The US-led "coalition and Turkey will work together on the long-term plan for seizing, holding and governing Raqqa," Dunford said.

    In other words, Washington has taken Turkey's concerns into account and decided that the SDF will not be the force to free Raqqa. In fact, according to Dunford, policymakers in the US have always known that the SDF wasn't "the solution for holding and governing Raqqa."

    Turkish leadership has not commented on Operation Euphrates Rage so far.

    Who will free Raqqa

    The US-led coalition and Turkey are currently working on determining the exact composition of the force that will be tasked with pushing Daesh out of the city.

    "[The operation needs] a predominantly Arab and Sunni Arab force," Dunford detailed. "And there are forces like that. There is the moderate Syrian opposition, the vetted Syrian forces and the Free Syrian Army forces, and there is some initial outreach to forces in Raqqa proper."

    Many have questioned whether so-called moderate Syrian rebels exist, taking into account that they often carry out joint operations with radical organizations like al-Nusra Front and the like. 

    Keep in mind that the Pentagon and SDF leadership do not appear to be on the same page as to who will eventually push Daesh out of Raqqa. "We want to liberate the surrounding countryside, then encircle the city, then we will assault and liberate it," SDF spokesman Talal Sillo said on Sunday.

    US reaction

    US Secretary of Defense Ashton Carter welcomed the SDF announcement, saying that "the effort to isolate, and ultimately liberate, Raqqa marks the next step in our coalition campaign plan." He also pledged that the US-led coalition would make every effort to "enable local forces in both Iraq and Syria to deliver ISIL the lasting defeat it deserves."

    An Iraqi Federal Police vehicle passes through a checkpoint in Qayara, some 50 kilometers south of Mosul, Iraq, Wednesday, Oct. 26, 2016.
    © AP Photo/ Marko Drobnjakovic
    An Iraqi Federal Police vehicle passes through a checkpoint in Qayara, some 50 kilometers south of Mosul, Iraq, Wednesday, Oct. 26, 2016.

    Overlapping campaigns

    Although Raqqa is smaller than Mosul, the campaign aimed at liberating the Syrian city will not be an easy one, like all counterterrorism operations in Iraq and Syria in the past. Why are then two high-stake anti-Daesh operations conducted at the same time?

    Two weeks ago, Carter unveiled that the operation for Raqqa would start in several weeks, adding that the Pentagon had enough resources and capabilities to sustain both.

    "That has long been our plan and we will be capable of resourcing both," he said.

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    Operation to Liberate Raqqa From Daesh (18)

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    Tags:
    Syrian Kurds, military operation in Syria, ground military operation, radical Islam, military operation, counterterrorism, Operation Euphrates Rage, Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF), Daesh, Ashton Carter, Joseph Dunford, Turkey, Syria, United States
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    • avatar
      goldcamshaft
      I do not understand warfare but I am wondering what are Iran and Russia doing with their soldiers sitting in barracks and allowing the usa and its war donkeys to make cunning moves to split Syria. Turkey cannot be trusted in the political sphere. If the usa gets an excuse to be there, they will not move till the end of time. Will these two allies be satisfied if and when the usa uses the terrorists to gain ground in the Raqqa area and firmly implant itself in the sovereign state of Syria. This country is going to be split in 5 sectors. Syrian government, usa soil, Kurdish soil, Turkish soil and just as the confusion starts, Israel will come in to grab a share of the land, making a good sized block right on the border of Turkey under alien administration and directly controlled by the usa. The Syrian government will not last long with this partition and may even lose its own territory, in the long run. President Putin and Iran, it seems to me, have to plunge into the arena and finish the job themselves, else, too late shall be the aid.
      Are these two allies afraid of what will happen in their home-fronts with regards to their electorates? I think they will lose out more if they do not act now to keep the country from disintegrating. Constituents may ask - You had a chance but you did not seize the opportunity. You waited on enemy partners to appease the world community, but you lost the war, Why?
    • choticastilein reply togoldcamshaft(Show commentHide comment)
      goldcamshaft,
      Have you ever considered that to avoid full scale war between Russia and the US-- that maybe , just maybe an agreement was reached on Syria--? I am not saying this is the case, but because parties had, to my mind, reached a deadlock in negotiations, maybe a compromise had to be reached? At any rate, I do think that much more is going on behind the scenes than we even begin to guess. Like you, I too know nothing about warfare and hope I never need to know either .... About peace and love, yeah-- don't do too badly! (having a chuckle here!)
    • avatar
      vot tak
      Another article from a zio-west perspective reliant upon propaganda from them. Where is the Syrian, Russian, Iranian and Hezbollah perspective?
    • The Night Wind
      Putin, Khameni, Nasrullah, Assad, Haribi, and Xi are going to have to put their foot down on Obama's and Erdogan's necks. These madmen are obsessed with Syria; and they won't be stopped until they're forcibly ejected from the region.
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