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    Russian Aerospace Forces aircraft leave Hmeimim airbase in Syria

    Russia’s 'Largely Achieved' Syrian Objectives in Facts and Figures

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    Amid Russia’s partial pullout from Syria, Sputnik provides the facts and figures to illustrate what has been accomplished in the five months and fourteen days since the launch of Russia’s air campaign.

    The military operation of the Russian Aerospace Forces against various terrorist groups operating on the territory of Syria was launched on September 30, 2015. On March 14, 2016 President Putin ordered a partial withdrawal from the country starting March 15, 2016.

    Number of Sorties and Achieved Objectives

    According to the report of Russia’s Defense Minister Sergei Shoigu to Commander-in-Chief Vladimir Putin, more than 9,000 sorties were completed; first massed strikes were conducted with various platforms at a range of more than 1,500 kilometers with rockets from air and naval bases.

    Russian Air Force's long-range aircraft hit ISIS targets in Syria
    © Photo : Russian Ministry of Defense
    Russian Air Force's long-range aircraft hit ISIS targets in Syria

    As a result of these strikes, the supply of resources to the terrorists was seriously disrupted and in some areas even completely stopped by decimating the smuggling of illegal oil to Turkey and cutting off the supply of weapons and ammunition to the fighters.

    Russian aviation destroyed 209 oil supply, processing, and pumping locations, and also 2,912 means of moving oil products, or, as they are also called, “liquids.”

    Oil trucks, which, according to Russia's Defence Ministry, are being used by Islamic State militants, are hit by air strikes carried out by Russia's air force, at an unknown location in Syria, in this still image taken from video footage released by Russia's Defence Ministry on November 18, 201
    © REUTERS / Russian Defence Ministry
    Oil trucks, which, according to Russia's Defence Ministry, are being used by Islamic State militants, are hit by air strikes carried out by Russia's air force, at an unknown location in Syria, in this still image taken from video footage released by Russia's Defence Ministry on November 18, 201

    In the first two months of the operation, Russia struck 32 oil-extracting complexes, 11 plants and 23 transfer facilities.

    More than 2,000 illegal mercenaries from Russia, including 17 field commanders, were eliminated on the territory of Syria.

    Liberated Territories

    With the support of Russian aviation, Syrian troops have liberated 400 populated areas and more than 10,000 kilometers of territory. They have achieved a fundamental turning-point in the fight against terrorism.

    Syrian army soldiers, members of security services and civilians inspect the site of two bomb explosions in the Syrian city of Homs, Syria, in this handout picture provided by SANA on December 28, 2015
    © REUTERS / SANA/Handout via Reuters
    Syrian army soldiers, members of security services and civilians inspect the site of two bomb explosions in the Syrian city of Homs, Syria, in this handout picture provided by SANA on December 28, 2015

    The terrorists have been driven from Latakia and communications with Aleppo have been restored. Military operations are now underway to liberate Palymra, which is currently under siege by armed groups.

    The greater part of the provinces of Hama and Homs have been cleared, Kuweires airbase has been unblocked after being besieged for more than three years.

     Syrian army soldiers walk in Achan, Hama province, Syria
    © AP Photo / Alexander Kots
    Syrian army soldiers walk in Achan, Hama province, Syria

    Control has been established over oil and gas fields near Palmyra and three large fields, as of now, have returned to stable operations.

    Cessation of Hostilities and the Peace Process

    The cessation of hostilities, backed by Russia and the US, came into force on February 27, 2016 at 00:00 Damascus time.

    All the organizations which signed up to the negotiation process have begun taking active steps to ensure the ceasefire (there are currently 42 organizations in the group); plus, an additional 40 towns that joined the ceasefire.

    A Syrian vendor sells mugs bearing portraits of Russian President Vladimir Putin (bottom) and Syrian President Bashar Assad (top) in the popular Hamidiyeh market in the old part of the capital Damascus on November 26, 2015
    © AFP 2019 / JOSEPH EID
    A Syrian vendor sells mugs bearing portraits of Russian President Vladimir Putin (bottom) and Syrian President Bashar Assad (top) in the popular Hamidiyeh market in the old part of the capital Damascus on November 26, 2015

    There is monitoring over the observance of the ceasefire; a fairly large number of unmanned aerial vehicles – over 70 – are being used for this purpose, as are all means of gathering intelligence, including electronic intelligence and satellite data.

    Warfare Equipment Used in Syria

    At the start of the air campaign Russia had 48 aircraft, including combat jets and helicopters. It included SU-30M fighters, SU-35C supermaneuverable multirole fighters, SU-34 fighter-bombers, SU-24M attack aircraft, Su-25 close air support jet and helicopters Mi-8 and Mi-24.

    Tupolev Tu-22M3 strategic bombers hit terrorists in Syria
    Ministry of Defence of the Russian Federation
    Tupolev Tu-22M3 strategic bombers hit terrorists in Syria

    Later they were joined by long-range air force units, strategic bombers Tu-160, Tu-95 and the Tu-22M3strategic and maritime strike bomber, along with Russian warships.

    Russia deploys S-400 air defence missile system in Syria
    © Sputnik / Dmitry Vinogradov
    Russia deploys S-400 air defence missile system in Syria

    Russian bases were protected by Russia's S-400 and Pantsir-S1 advanced surface-to-air missile defense systems and sea-based S-300.

    The strikes were performed with Kh-29L and Kh-25ML air-to-surface missiles, KAB-500C guided bombs, concrete-piercing BETAB-500 air bombs, fragmentation demolition air bombs (OFAB-250), cruise missiles Kh-555 and 3M-14 (Kalibr).

    Al-Baath University students hold rally in support of Russia's military operation in Syria
    © Sputnik / Dmitriy Vinogradov
    Al-Baath University students hold rally in support of Russia's military operation in Syria
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    Russian Jets Withdraw From Syria (72)

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