The resolution "affirms that the Buraq Plaza [the Western Wall] is an integral part of al-Aksa Mosque/al-Haram al-Sharif," reports the Israeli press, and was proposed on behalf of Palestine by Algeria, Egypt, Kuwait, Morocco, Tunisia and the United Arab Emirates. The proposal is being considered by UNESCO's executive board, which is comprised of the representatives of 58 countries.
The Israeli press reports that the resolution additionally seeks to claim the Mughrabi Gate, also on the Temple Mount, for the Palestinians, and condemns Israeli actions in the West Bank, the Gaza Strip and Jerusalem, which it calls "the occupied capital of Palestine."
The resolution also blames the Israeli government for the escalation in violence in recent months after a wave of terror attacks, and retaliation from security forces. According to the resolution, the government's recent call on citizens to bear arms in response has led to the intensification of the cycle of violence.
Palestinian proposal to UNESCO: Western Wall is part of al-Aqsa mosque, should be called "Buraq Plaza" http://t.co/wp0GUwFOY3— William Booth (@BoothWilliam) 17 октября 2015
On Tuesday, ahead of the vote on the resolution which is expected to take place on Wednesday, UNESCO's Director-General Irina Bokova said she "deplores the recent proposals under discussion by the UNESCO Executive Board that could be seen to alter the status of the Old City of Jerusalem and its Walls, inscribed on UNESCO’s World Heritage list, and that could further incite tensions."
A statement released by the director-general’s office said Bokova "appeals to the UNESCO Executive Board to take decisions that do not further inflame tensions on the ground and that encourage respect for the sanctity of the holy sites."
The Western Wall, regarded as the holiest site in Judaism, is all that remains of the Second Temple that was destroyed by the Romans in 70 CE, and formed part of four walls erected by King Herod around the Temple Mount.
While right-wing Jewish politicians are pushing for the right of Jews to pray at the Temple Mount, Palestinians claim that some Jews are violating the status quo by praying there, and fear that the site will be divided. Because of the restrictions on non-Muslims praying at the site, the nearby Western Wall has become a focal point for Jewish prayer.