The resolution called for the implementation of the report’s recommendations and the proper prosecution of Israeli officials who were responsible for the alleged violations during the 2014 Israel-Gaza conflict, also known as Operation Protective Edge.
Netanyahu was quick to denounce what he described as an "anti-Israeli manifesto".
"The UN Human Rights Council is not interested in the facts and is not really interested in human rights," Netanyahu said.
He made it clear that neither this report, nor any other criticism, will prevent Israel from protecting its citizens.
"The State of Israel acted to defend itself against a murderous terrorist organization," he said, referring to the Islamist movement Hamas.
During the vote, a total of 41 countries approved the resolution; the United States was the only country to vote against the document. India, Kenya, Ethiopia, Paraguay and Macedonia abstained from voting on the resolution, which was presented by the Palestinian delegation and backed by Muslim states.
The Council is made of 47 Member States, which are elected by the majority of members of the General Assembly of the United Nations through direct and secret ballot.
Operation Protective Edge was launched by Israel on July 8, 2014, in response to rocket attacks from Gaza. More than 2,000 Palestinians, mostly civilians, were killed in the 50-day war. Israel's death toll totaled 66 soldiers and six civilians.