"Changing the balance of power can be done only through the combination of nonviolent resistance, international sanctions against Israel… and also through Palestinian internal union and conduction of wide diplomatic resistance policy," Mustafa Barghouti, Secretary-General of the Palestinian National Initiative (PNI) party, said.
Other ways of pressuring Israel into accepting a two-state solution – which envisages peaceful coexistence of sovereign Israeli and Palestinian states – include taking Israel to the international criminal court and asking other countries to back Palestinians' statehood bid, he said.
"The least what the United States and other European countries can do is to immediately recognize the independent Palestinian state with the capital in Jerusalem," Mustafa Barghouti emphasized.
Barghouti acknowledged that Palestinian leadership's policy of acting based on "hopes for the future negotiations and on [UN] Oslo peace accords" has failed dramatically. The lawmaker said his alternative approach, specifically international sanctions, was successful in dismantling the South African apartheid regime in 1990 – and can work again for Palestinians.
Palestinians have been seeking the creation of an independent state on the territories of the West Bank, including East Jerusalem, since 1967. The initiative has hardly inched ahead due to Israel's continued resistance.