Security forces have been deployed in Cairo's central Tahir Square on Thursday evening to prevent unrest.
Organizers have called on protesters to carry copies of the Quran, the central Muslim religious text, in order to portray potential attacks by government forces as attacks against Islam.
Egypt's Interior Ministry announced also that it broke up a terrorist group associated with the Muslim Brotherhood, which was planning nationwide protests on Friday.
Egypt has been suffering unrest since the July 2013 military coup, when then-president Mohamed Morsi was removed from power following mass anti-government protests across the country. Morsi, a leading member of the Muslim Brotherhood, an Islamist organization, gained authority in the 2011 Arab Spring revolution after long-standing leader Hosni Mubarak was forced from power. However, the Muslim Brotherhood's popularity soured when protesters, angered by poor economic conditions and Morsi's authoritarian rule, staged numerous demonstrations.
Following months of confrontations between Islamist protesters and government forces, Egypt's ex-defense minister, Abdel Fattah Sisi, was elected as new Egyptian president in May. In his election pledges, Sisi promised to carry out major economic reforms, as well as to construct more than 20 industrial cities, 26 tourist centers and eight new airports.