The opposition leader will likely resume his position at the head of the National Assembly in Sunday’s vote. While the election will do little to threaten Maduro’s position as president, given he has the military’s backing, it will prolong the power struggle between Venezuela’s two most prominent political figures.
In January, Guaido declared himself as interim president and received the backing of the United States who imposed a series of sanctions on Venezuela and froze the US-based assets of the state oil company PDVSA. Some European nations followed suit by cutting off the government’s access to foreign assets.
Maduro, in turn, called Guaido a US puppet and accused Washington of staging a coup to take over his country’s resources, specifically the world’s largest proven oil reserves. More than 50 countries, including Russia, China and Turkey have said they recognize Maduro as the only legitimate president of Venezuela.