Following a three day debate, a majority of 61 senators voted definitively to remove Rousseff from the presidency. 20 senators voted against; there were no abstentions.
Acting president Michel Temer has assumed the presidency. A shortened swearing in ceremony has been scheduled; Temer may fly to China immediately afterwards to the G-20 Summit in China, beginning this Sunday in Hangzhou.
Rousseff's impeachment required the vote of 54 or more of the Senate's 81 representatives.
In May, the upper house of the Brazilian parliament voted 55-22 to begin impeacement proceedings against Rousseff, who was accused of concealing the country's budget deficit ahead of the 2014 election and other administrative misconduct. Rousseff has repeatedly denied any wrong-doing, and said that she considered the impeachment proceedings as an illegal coup attempt.
Temer will be officially sworn in at 4 P.M.