Sparkling wine is a wine with significant levels of carbon dioxide in it making it fizzy. The carbon dioxide may result from natural fermentation, either in a bottle, as with the méthode champenoise, in a large tank designed to withstand the pressures involved (as in the Charmat process), or as a result of carbon dioxide injection.
According to the legend, champagne was invented on August 4, 1693 by a Benedictine monk Dom Perignon who at the time served as cellar master of the Abbey of Hautvillers. "Come quickly! I'm drinking the stars!" he exclaimed when tasting wine that he was unable to rid of bubbles, and thus the legendary beverage was born.