Seven European Union (EU) nations and Iceland have ceded to India’s demand to include Covishield, the vaccine developed by British-Swedish pharmaceutical company AstraZeneca and manufactured in India, in the list of jabs that qualify for the "Green Pass" – which allows vaccinated people to travel freely in the bloc – Indian government sources said on Thursday.
“So far, Austria, Germany, Slovenia, Greece, Iceland, Ireland, and Spain are confirmed as including Covishield (in the Green Pass). Switzerland (not an EU state) also allows Covishield as a Schengen state,” sources said.
“Estonia has confirmed that it will recognise all vaccines authorised by the Indian government for travel of Indians to Estonia,” they added.
According to the European Commission, Green Pass holders – whether they be EU citizens or "third-country nationals" – will be entitled to "restriction-free" travel within the bloc from 1 July.
The development comes a day after Delhi protested against the exclusion of Covishield, manufactured by the Serum Institute of India (SII), from the list of approved vaccines under the EU Green Pass.
A comprehensive review of our relationship with EUHR VP @JosepBorrellF. Taking forward the agenda of the Leaders’ Summit.— Dr. S. Jaishankar (@DrSJaishankar) June 29, 2021
Discussed vaccine production and access. Took up ‘Covishield’ authorisation for travel to Europe. Will be following up. pic.twitter.com/FhwIKS44V7
Indian sources told Sputnik on Wednesday that Delhi would institute “mandatory quarantine” upon arrival for travellers from EU nations which don't recognise both Covishield and Covaxin – the latter is a vaccine developed by Indian company Bharat Biotech.
India also called upon all European nations to individually consider giving the same benefits afforded to recipients of European Medicines Agency (EMA)-approved jabs to those vaccinated with Covishield.
“Upon notification of Covishield and Covaxin for inclusion in the EU Digital Covid Certificate and recognition of Indian CoWIN vaccination certificates, Indian health authorities would reciprocally exempt the concerned EU Member State for exemption from mandatory quarantine all those persons carrying EU Digital Covid Certificate,” they said.
While Covishield has been given emergency use listing (EUL) status by the World Health Organisation (WHO), the makers of Covaxin say that they're waiting for regulatory approval.
The EMA has only approved four vaccines for Green Pass – Comirnaty (Pfizer/BioNTech, Janssen [Johnson & Johnson], Spikevax [Moderna], and Vaxzevria [manufactured by AstraZeneca]).
The WHO, on the other hand, has approved a total of eight vaccines under EUL – Pfizer/BioNTech, Astrazeneca-SK Bio, Serum Institute of India, AstraZeneca EU, Janssen, Moderna, Sinopharm, and Sinovac-CoronaVac.
The EMA explained in an emailed response to Sputnik that the exclusion of India’s Covishield, which uses similar production technology to Vaxzevria, was based on a difference in “biological composition” regarding the two AstraZeneca jabs.
“Even tiny differences in the manufacturing conditions can result in differences in the final product, and EU law therefore requires the manufacturing sites and production process to be assessed and approved as part of the authorisation process,” the EMA said.
As of 30 June, the EMA stated that it hadn’t received any new “market authorisation” application to approve any new vaccines, including India's Covishield.