11:51 GMT +321 January 2020
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    As Labour Party leader Jeremy Corbyn announced his intention to stand down from the post following his party’s crushing defeat in the 12 December general election, a party leadership race is currently unfolding behind the scenes.

    Several people have already been named as possible replacements for Jeremy Corbyn following the Labour leader’s announcement that he will leave the post before the next election. This comes as his party just suffered its worst defeat since 1935. Here is a quick run-down on how the party’s leadership contest works, who will choose the next Labour leader and, most importantly, who is eligible to take over Labour’s top spot.

    When Will the Contest Take Place?

    It is so far unclear when the leadership contest will take place but Shadow Chancellor of the Exchequer John McDonnell said that it would likely occur within 8 to 10 weeks, according to The Independent, meaning that the new Labour leader will possibly be decided by March. Jeremy Corbyn said that he would remain at the helm until a replacement is found, because there is currently no deputy party leader since Tom Watson’s departure from the position.

    The exact timetable and the rules for voting will be decided by the National Executive Committee (NEC), Labour’s governing body, which consists of Labour MPs, MEPs (members of the European Parliament), trade union officials, and some other members.

    Labour leader Jeremy Corbyn, right and Shadow Foreign Secretary Emily Thornberry answer questions from the media
    © AP Photo / Stefan Rousseau
    Labour leader Jeremy Corbyn, right and Shadow Foreign Secretary Emily Thornberry answer questions from the media

    Who Can Stand?

    Only Labour MPs can stand in the leadership contest. A shortlist of candidates is also expected to be decided by Labour MPs. According to the rules, the contenders initially require backing from 10 percent of the parliamentary Labour Party and the European Parliament Labour Party (EPLP). It is now unclear whether the EPLP will still play a role because it will cease to exist if the UK leaves the European Union on 31 January 2020, so it is likely that the fate of the contenders will only be decided by Labour’s 202 MPs in the British Parliament.

    According to a new requirement, Labour leader hopefuls would also need to secure the support of 5 percent of constituency parties or 5 percent of affiliated groups, at least two of which must be trade unions.

    Official merchandise from the opposition Labour party is seen on sale at the Labour Party Conference in Liverpool, north west England on September 23, 2018, the official opening day of the annual Labour Party Conference
    © AFP 2019 / PAUL ELLIS
    Official merchandise from the opposition Labour party is seen on sale at the Labour Party Conference in Liverpool, north west England on September 23, 2018, the official opening day of the annual Labour Party Conference

    Who Can Vote?

    The next leader will then be decided by Labour Party members from the shortlist of candidates. There were more than 500,000 members of the Labour Party eligible to vote at the end of last year, according to The Guardian. Trade union officials and socialist societies will also be able to cast their vote.

    New members will also be able to sign up and cast their vote no less than two weeks prior to the timetable set by the NEC. In 2015, more than 100,000 registered Labour supporters paid just £3 in order to sign up and vote in the contest that saw a competition between Jeremy Corbyn, Liz Kendall Andy Burnham, and Yvette Cooper; however the fee significantly rose the next year. There are currently several options available for newly registered members, including full membership with a more than £50 annual cost and some concession fees for teenagers, students, pensioners, and some other groups.

    How Will Labour Members Vote?

    Voters will be able to choose their preferred candidate by post through an alternative vote system, meaning that the candidates will be ranked by voters in order of preference. The candidates should get more than 50 percent of the vote in order to get elected, but if no one meets that threshold, the candidate with the lowest votes is eliminated and their votes are redistributed to voters’ second preferences. The process will be repeated until the candidate who secures more than half of the votes is chosen.

    Potential Candidates for Labour Crown?

    There are currently several candidates that are considered to be frontrunners in the contest for the Labour leadership position, including shadow cabinet members Sir Keir Starmer and Emily Thornberry. Corbyn supporters are said to be in favour of the shadow business secretary Rebecca Long-Bailey. While no candidates have openly declared their leadership bid yet, Labour MP for Wigan Lisa Nandy has recently said that she was “seriously” mulling over the idea.

    Tags:
    leadership, Keir Starmer, Labour party, Jeremy Corbyn
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