According to the online newpaper Zerkalo Nedeli (Weekly Mirror), the whole scheme is simple: defense enterprises get 100 percent down payment on contracts and corrupt Defense Ministry officials extend the deadlines for contracts that are never implemented.
As a result, the enterprises do not meet their contractual obligations and avoid sanctions. In the meantime, the state funds are used in outside deals lining the pockets of the organizers of these criminal schemes.
They remit the money to sub-contractors — fictitious enterprises existing on paper only. Laundered through these one-off firms, the money ends up in the bank accounts of physical persons and is redeemed.
“The thing is, any kind of state activity in Ukraine is imitation meant to cover up criminal schemes enriching government officials and everyone else involved in the process,” political analyst Alexander Asafov told RT.
He added that such schemes were nothing new as they have been used since former President Leonid Kuchma’s second term in office.
In the rare cases when they are forced to implement their contracts, Ukrainian defense enterprises supply the country’s military with faulty hardware.
In 2014, the Defense Ministry paid almost 30 million hryvnas ($1.3 million) to Ukrinmash for the purchase of foreign-made SpyArrowe drones. The company took a whole 18 months to supply the drones many of which proved unable to fly.
A tank factory in Kiev tried to pocket some of the money it received from the state by saving on armor quality. Instead of using bullet-resisting steel they supplied their APC’s with one that could be easily punctured.
In another case of large-scale theft of public funds the Kharkiv Design Bureau of Mechanical Engineering supplied 219 million hryvnas’ worth of armored vehicles ($9.4 million), all of which were immediately found to be unfit for service.
The list of such criminal schemes goes on.
“What we see is an imitation of the country’s military potential. As a result, the weapons now pose a deadly threat to the very people who are supposed to use them,” People’s Diplomacy Fund expert Vladimir Kireyev told RT.
“The most beautiful corruption scheme is the so-called ‘European Wall’ or ‘Yatsenyuk’s Wall,’ which costs Ukrainian taxpayers very, very dearly,” Alexander Asafov said.
Many experts wonder how so much money could have been spent to erect a simple fence with a metal mesh.
According to Fatherland party leader and former Prime Minister Yulia Tymoshenko, President Petro Poroshenko is the main beneficiary of the corruption schemes in the country defense-industrial complex.
“The war goes on because Poroshenko and his inner circle use it to make money. They are covering up the insane corruption in Ukraine and this is exactly why people hate the government,” Tymoshenko said during a news briefing in June.