By clicking on the "Accept & Close" button, you provide your explicit consent to the processing of your data to achieve the above goal.
Almost all of the several hundred jihadists that have left Sweden to join terrorist paramilitary groups in the Middle East have been found to be collecting some form of government assistance. To make things worse, jihadists were found to be leaving fewer traces, complicating the authorities' preventive work.
Almost all of Sweden's 300 so-called "foreign fighters" share something in addition to their zest for religious warfare. They're all receiving government grants and maintain accomplices in Sweden, who handle their mail and give the impression that their cohorts are still in the country, a new report commissioned by the Financial Supervisory Authority has revealed.
"This is hardly surprising, as we have seen more or less the same pattern in other countries. What is surprising is that almost all of them had this in common," Magnus Ranstorp, a researcher of terrorism at the Swedish National Defense College and one of the men behind the report told the Swedish national broadcaster SVT, citing deficiencies in security monitoring.
Ranstorp argued that there was no lack of money in circulation among Sweden's jihadi circles, whereas Magnus Norrmark of the Swedish Defense Research Agency stressed the role that the immediate circle of friends and relatives plays in terrorism support, complicating matters for the authorities.
The most common form of "jihadi support" involves grants from the Social Insurance Agency, such as housing allowances, child support, student loans, as well as maintenance and parental benefits. In the report, many jihadists were identified as applicants for student loans for studies abroad, which are paid in one substantial tranche and were therefore particularly attractive to "foreign students" of the jihadi kind. Yet another common pattern involves jihadi beneficiaries left in Sweden to send the money to their accomplices in conflict zones.
Even if some of the individuals may subsequently be found liable and obliged to reimburse the state for their ill-gotten assistance, there is little prospect for success in reclaiming the money, which is most often transferred abroad.
"It's no big money, they don't get rich on it, but it can get you a long way in a conflict zone," Magnus Ranstorp said.
Another closely-related problem which has left Swedish authorities with a major headache is that it has become increasingly difficult to trace down "foreign warriors," despite their shrinking numbers. Jihadists planning "foreign trips" were found to have adapted themselves to security services' monitoring efforts and take care to no longer leave tell-tale evidence. While car purchases and SMS-loans still occur, jihadists were reported to have become increasingly cautious. Among other things, they reportedly take significantly less time to prepare, to reduce the risk of possible detection.
"For instance, these people are trying to avoid bank cards when traveling abroad, making them more difficult for the authorities to follow. They have become more cautious," Magnus Ranstorp told Swedish Radio.
Fraud and tax crimes are other types of crime that is being more often revealed in connection with jihadism. A number of companies were thus reported to be used for reselling mobile phones and transferring money between different companies in order to successfully avoid taxation. In the report, tens of millions of kronor were expected to have been withheld from the Swedish state using tax-dodging schemes.
Furthermore, extremists were found to have founded "assistance companies" to take advantage of the help from the Social Insurance Agency. Sweden spends 30 billion SEK ($3.3bln) annually on assistance allowances, which is more than the combined budgets of the police and the Security Service SÄPO. The cost has doubled over the last decade, with the number of people eligible for assistance remaining fairly constant, the Swedish daily Svenska Dagbladet reported.
The authors of the report found plenty of room for improvement for the authorities in order to nip the financing of terrorism the bud. In particular, things need to be sped up, since the report identified a number of cases when people continued to amass various contributions despite having joined terrorist groups months ago.
The fact of registration and authorization of users on Sputnik websites via users’ account or accounts on social networks indicates acceptance of these rules.
Users are obliged abide by national and international laws. Users are obliged to speak respectfully to the other participants in the discussion, readers and individuals referenced in the posts.
The websites’ administration has the right to delete comments made in languages other than the language of the majority of the websites’ content.
In all language versions of the sputniknews.com websites any comments posted can be edited.
A user comment will be deleted if it:
does not correspond with the subject of the post;
promotes hatred and discrimination on racial, ethnic, sexual, religious or social basis or violates the rights of minorities;
violates the rights of minors, causing them harm in any form, including moral damage;
contains ideas of extremist nature or calls for other illegal activities;
contains insults, threats to other users, individuals or specific organizations, denigrates dignity or undermines business reputations;
contains insults or messages expressing disrespect to Sputnik;
violates privacy, distributes personal data of third parties without their consent or violates privacy of correspondence;
describes or references scenes of violence, cruelty to animals;
contains information about methods of suicide, incites to commit suicide;
pursues commercial objectives, contains improper advertising, unlawful political advertisement or links to other online resources containing such information;
promotes products or services of third parties without proper authorization;
contains offensive language or profanity and its derivatives, as well as hints of the use of lexical items falling within this definition;
contains spam, advertises spamming, mass mailing services and promotes get-rich-quick schemes;
promotes the use of narcotic / psychotropic substances, provides information on their production and use;
contains links to viruses and malicious software;
is part of an organized action involving large volumes of comments with identical or similar content ("flash mob");
“floods” the discussion thread with a large number of incoherent or irrelevant messages;
violates etiquette, exhibiting any form of aggressive, humiliating or abusive behavior ("trolling");
doesn’t follow standard rules of the English language, for example, is typed fully or mostly in capital letters or isn’t broken down into sentences.
The administration has the right to block a user’s access to the page or delete a user’s account without notice if the user is in violation of these rules or if behavior indicating said violation is detected.