The 12-year mission is the first time a man-made object has examined a speeding comet up-close.
In 2014, the Rosetta spacecraft deployed its Philae lander on the comet 67P/Churyumov-Gerasimenko where it collected samples of the comet’s dust, gas and plasma environment as well as taking detailed photos of its surface.
Scientists in the European Space Agency control center in Darmstadt, Germany, are sifting through the data received in the hope of discovering hints of the origins of the solar system as it is believed that the comet’s formation dates back to this early time.
The results delivered by Rosetta have brought scientists closer to understanding the early formation of our Solar System.
Rosetta’s data collection showed the presence of glycine molecules, the simplest amino acid, and other molecular material.
One of the most important findings made by the spacecraft was the discovery of phosphorus in the comet. This chemical element is a key component of DNA, which makes it an essential ingredient in the creation of life.
Thanks to the data collected during the ESA Rosetta Mission, scientists can now conclude that the primal matter of the Solar System had all components necessary for life.
Overall, the data makes it clear that the primal matter of the Solar System had all components necessary for life.
Additionally, experts now believe that asteroids rather than comets were the ones to deliver water to Earth, theoretically enabling life on our planet.
Head of the Rosetta mission, Matt Taylor, believes that scientists will analyze data, collected by Rosetta and Philae, over the following years and maybe even decades.
“Inevitably, we now have new mysteries to solve. The comet hasn’t given up all of its secrets yet, and there are sure to be many surprises hidden in this incredible archive. So don’t go anywhere yet – we’re only just beginning,” reads the ESA official website.