21:33 GMT18 January 2021
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    The UK's decision to leave the EU means that the union and NATO have to rethink their long-term military plans because they were counting on more military centralization in Brussels, Western defense officials said.

    NATO was counting on more defense cooperation with the European Union, but the UK's exit from the EU poses a threat to its planned new defense strategy, worried defense officials told the Reuters news agency on Monday. 

    On Tuesday EU Foreign Affairs chief Federica Mogherini is set to unveil the five-year EU Global Strategy on Foreign and Security Policy, which seeks greater security and military cooperation between EU countries.

    While the proposal has strong support from France and Germany, the UK's Defense Secretary Michael Fallon had said earlier this month that "nobody wants to see their troops controlled from Brussels."

    Until now the UK has played a key role in EU military operations. It has the largest military budget in the EU, and leads missions such as the counter-piracy "Operation Atalanta" off the Horn of Africa, and it has ships patrolling the Mediterranean.

    The UK is the US' main ally in Europe, and Washington had hoped for the UK to play a key role in the EU's new defense strategy. This would enable the US to spend less money on European defense, while retaining political influence.

    "Things are going to be a lot harder," a senior Western defense official involved in EU-NATO cooperation told Reuters.

    "NATO planned on linking itself up to a stronger European Union, not being the default option for a weakened, divided bloc."

    As well as the new EU's new global defense strategy, an increase in military cooperation between EU countries and NATO had been planned for approval at the next NATO summit in Warsaw next month.

    On Friday NATO Secretary General Jens Stoltenberg sought to give assurances that defense cooperation with the EU will go ahead despite the UK leaving the union.

    "The Alliance remains committed to closer cooperation with the European Union," Stoltenberg said.

    "The UK will remain a strong and committed NATO Ally, and will continue to play its leading role in our Alliance."

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    European Union, Common Security and Defense Policy, defense, NATO, Brussels
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