12:34 GMT +318 November 2019
Listen Live
    French Senate

    French Constitutional Crisis Over Labor Laws Ahead of Huge Strike

    © AFP 2019 / Martin Bureau
    Europe
    Get short URL
    0 114
    Subscribe

    The Republican-dominated French Senate is set for a showdown with France's Socialist-led government over controversial changes to the much-prized French labor laws - known as the Code du travail - is a move destined to test the French constitution.

    French President Francois Hollande invoked a little-used part of the French constitution — Article 49.3 — to bypass the upper house — the Senate — in order to push through his labor reforms — designed to encourage employers to take on more workers on full time contracts to get the economy moving. 

    Having won the support of the lower house, where he has a majority, Hollande was set for a battle with the Senate and invoked 49.3 to the anger of many unions, who immediately began a series of rolling strikes which have affected fuel refineries, depots, trains, the Paris Metro, garbage collection and many other public services, threatening to mar the Euro 2016 tournament, which France is currently hosting.

    Now the Senate is set to debate the provisions of the labor reforms — challenging the proposed working time provisions — and put it to a vote, causing another constitutional crisis. The move comes ahead of what the powerful CGT union is calling a "huge" strike on Tuesday (June 14).

    France has been beset by daily strike action for over three weeks over controversial reforms to the highly codified French labor laws — known as the Code du travail — in order to give employers more flexibility. The labor reforms were largely directed at making companies take on more workers on permanent contracts, rather than temporary ones, to bring down the unemployment rate from ten percent. The proposals would give employers more scope to lay-off workers and cut costs and allow some employees to work far longer than the current 35-hour week.

    French Labor Code

    It was following the 1968 riots that the Code du Travail was changed to bring the maximum working week to 44 hours. It has since been reduced, over time, to 35, which the unions want to maintain, but which Hollande believes is holding back productivity because of the lack of flexibility it leaves employers. 

    Other reforms include a cap on severance pay for workers dismissed by a company. The current uncertain cost of laying-off workers mean that companies are risk-averse to doing so, leaving them less flexible and — in some cases — less productive. The government has now relented on that point, making the proposed cap non-binding.

    ​Since bypassing parliament to impose the changes, Hollande has faced a torrent of protest, with strikers blockading fuel refineries and depots, leading to road transport delays, as well as rolling strikes on the French rail and Metro networks, Air France (where there is a dispute over reorganization) as well as some ports.

    Related:

    Hollande Acts to Avert Euro 2016 Flop as Transport Strike Cripples France
    Hollande Stands Firm on Labor Law Amid Protests, Euro 2016 Terror Threat
    Hollande Becomes Most Unpopular President Ever Amid Labor Reform Crisis
    Hollande: 'I Will Not Yield' Over Controversial Labor Reforms Amid Protests
    Tags:
    2016 UEFA European Championship, labor code, strikes, labor reform, protests, SNCF, General Confederation of Labor (CGT), Air France, Metro, Francois Hollande, Europe, France
    Community standardsDiscussion
    Comment via FacebookComment via Sputnik