13:30 GMT17 February 2020
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    An emergency meeting of European Union interior and justice ministers Wednesday - following the Brussels bombings - will hear the need for greater cooperation on intelligence between member states amid calls for a "security union."

    The President of the European Commission, Jean-Claude Juncker, told a news conference that the EU had been talking about sharing intelligence since 1999, but had not acted for "reasons I don't understand" and called for the swift achievement of a "security union" amid criticism of intelligence failures ahead of both the Paris and Brussels attacks.

    The ministers will be urged by France to put pressure on European Parliament lawmakers to drop opposition to the proposed introduction of the Passenger Name Records (PNR) scheme, which will allow for the collection and retention, for a period of time, of all data associated with air travelers in the EU.

    However — despite having the backing of EU Civil Liberties, Justice and Home Affairs Committee — the proposal has stalled in the European Parliament over privacy and human rights fears.

    The controversial mass data collection has brought criticism from civil rights groups who say the mass collection of data is a breach of the right to privacy and will not, in any case stop terrorism. The PNR data handed over by the airlines will be retained for five years. For the first six months, the data will be "unmasked" to include personal identifying information, after which the data will then have to be "masked out" for the remaining four and a half years.

    Joined-Up Intelligence

    The emergency meeting Thursday follows criticism of law enforcement agencies over their lack of cooperation and sharing of intelligence. It emerged that Abdelhamid Abaaoud — one of the terrorists who took part in the series of attacks on November 13, 2015 in Paris killing 130 people and injuring hundreds more — was able to cross from Europe by ferry and meet jihadists in the UK, despite having an international arrest warrant out on him. 

    Abaaoud, along with other attackers — including Salah Abdeslam, who was also known to the law agencies — was also able to travel unchecked between Syria and Europe, bringing calls for better intelligence-sharing. Abdeslam was shot and arrested on March 18 and is currently being interrogated in Belgium.

    The Netherlands — which currently hold the presidency of the Council of the EU — is pushing for more powers for law agencies Europol and Interpol to counter terrorism. Although there are already international protocols in place, the Dutch want Europol and Interpol to be able to share a greater amount of intelligence on their databases.

    The European Commission is proposing changes to the already existing European Criminal Records Information System (ECRIS) which currently allows for the swift sharing of criminal records of EU citizens. However, the major flaw identified after the Paris attacks was that the system does not include non-EU citizens.

    Related:

    Brussels Bombings Bring Calls for Greater Surveillance Powers
    Threat of Terrorism is Now Part of the Daily Life of Most Europeans
    Blunders That Burned Brussels: Belgium's Six Main Security Failures
    Brussels Bombings Expose Deep Flaws in Belgian Intelligence
    Officials: Daesh Has Released at Least 400 Trained Attackers on Europe
    Tags:
    terror threat, terror attack, intelligence, terrorism, counterterrorism, security, Passenger Name Records (PNR), Brussels bombings, Paris Attacks, European Commission, European Union, Jean-Claude Juncker, Europe, Brussels, Belgium
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