23:19 GMT15 January 2021
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    The ending year has aggravated Europe's troubles and bred dozens of new crises. The geopolitical environment has significantly changed and European countries are busy solving their own problems instead of acting cooperatively, Reuters wrote.

    ​Though not as dire as the devastation of World War II, 2015 was still a form of hell for Europe. The bad news is, 2016 may be even worse, a Reuters columnist wrote.

    "By any measure, it has been a year from hell for the European Union. And if Britons vote to leave the bloc, next year could be worse," the author suggested.

    According to Reuters, Europe had no events on the scale of such world-shattering episodes as the collapse of the Berlin Wall in 1989. But unlike those joyful changes, which enhanced European integration, the crises of 2015 threaten to tear the European Union apart, Reuters opined.

    Two years after the fall of the Iron Curtain, the treaty to form the European Union was signed, and over the next 15 years the EU and NATO expanded toward the borders of Russia, Belarus and Ukraine.

    "That appeared to confirm founding father Jean Monnet's prediction that a united Europe would be built out of crises," the article noted. "In contrast, this year's political and economic shocks over an influx of migrants, Greek debt, Islamist violence and Russian military action have led to the return of border controls in many places, the rise of populist anti-EU political forces and recrimination among EU governments."

    The head of the European Commission, Jean-Claude Juncker, previously warned that the Schengen zone is at risk of dissolving, and, if inner EU borders close, the euro will not survive.

    "The crises that are with us will remain and others will come," Junkers stated at the 12th EU summit this year.

    According to Reuters, Juncker's statement contradicts the motto of German Chancellor Angela Merkel; "We can do it!" Her refugee policy received little support from EU partners; most of who insisted on tightening border controls and opposing acceptance of additional asylum seekers. Often a confrontation was triggered by Merkel's economic policies and political double standards in negotiations with Russia.

    "One problem likely to worsen in 2016 is that Europe's main leaders are politically weak and so preoccupied by domestic challenges that they are unable to take the necessary collective action," Reuters wrote.

    The columnist noted that France's influence in the region is diminishing due to economic weakness. Others note that the prime minister of Great Britain, David Cameron, worries only about "winning a knife-edge referendum" on Britain's EU membership. If the UK, as Europe's second largest economy and one of its most powerful military states, votes for abandoning the EU, it will be viewed as a death knell for the alliance.

    The author also suggested that if Cameron wins the referendum and Britain stays in the EU under improved circumstances, there is a possibility that the leaders of other states will use the same tactics to pressure Brussels for better terms.

    "Unfortunately, we need a victory for Cameron," one senior EU official said, as cited by Reuters. "But it is full of risk for Europe as a whole."


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    European Union, Greek debt crisis, migrant crisis, Iron Curtain, World War II, David Cameron, Europe
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