19:25 GMT16 May 2021
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    Former CIA contractor Edward Snowden, who revealed the extent and methods of mass surveillance used by the US National Security Agency (NSA) and Britain's GCHQ spy agency, has called on students to oppose plans to increase surveillance powers.

    Snowden was speaking in his role as Rector of the University of Glasgow, at the opening of Freshers' Week, when new students arrive. He said:

    "There are cynical people in government, in private society, in the press who argue that everything we do as civil society, a community, as an academic sector, as a common human family doesn't amount to much. We change things, but they're not so big. Reforms are made, but they aren't really determinative. I would argue that that is completely false," said Snowden.

    "When we look at what's happened in the last two years alone within the United Kingdom, we see that there is a system of mass surveillance put upon the public without their knowledge, without their consent and overseen only by a secret court called the Investigatory Powers Tribunal (IPT) that in 15 years never ruled against the government a single time." 

    He was referring to the ruling by the IPT ruling of February 2015 that GCHQ's access to (and use of) private communications swept up in bulk by the National Security Agency (NSA) breached human rights laws.

    A great Freshers Address from Edward Snowden, the uni's rector.

    A photo posted by Youssef Sami (DevDude) (@_devdude) on Sep 14, 2015 at 4:47am PDT

    This was the first time in its 15-year history that the Investigatory Powers Tribunal (IPT) has ruled against an intelligence agency.

    Snoopers' Charter on the Cards

    However, David Cameron's government is set to introduce the Investigatory Powers Bill that will pave the way for legislation to give police and the security services far more wide-ranging capabilities. Also known as the Snoopers' Charter, the law would allow for the tracking of everyone's web and social media use, but would also strengthen the security services' powers for the bulk interception of the content of communications.

    Snowden told students in Glasgow, via a satellite link from his temporary home in Moscow:

    "You are increasingly having a say over the way your government operates and the boundaries, the limits of your rights."

    "Now, for the first time in many years, they are once more beginning to expand. And if we can do that in our country, in our countries around the world, we can do that around the world.

    "We can enforce human rights through new means, through the things we discover, through the ideas we generate, through the technologies we create, to reach out and provide people with new liberties beyond borders to which they have never been entitled before."

    "We can create a freer and better world," he told the students.


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    spying, communications, students, intelligence, university, human rights, speech, surveillance, privacy, British Government Communications Headquarters (GCHQ), Investigatory Powers Tribunal (IPT), National Security Agency (NSA), Edward Snowden, Glasgow, United Kingdom
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