"There is no need to come up with anything new for the SBU. It is important to take traditions and operating procedures used by the OUN and the UPA since 1930s until 1950s as a basis," Nalyvaichenko told the Day newspaper. Ukraine's Security Service is undergoing major reorganization.
After the end of World War II, the UPA continued to fight against the Soviet Union using radical means, including terrorism and violence. The UPA committed countless atrocities, targeting intellectuals and local authorities.
War veterans and politicians have sharply criticized glorification of the UPA and its leaders, Stepan Bandera and Roman Shukhevych, accusing them of collaborating with the Nazis.
In November 2014, Russia's Supreme Court branded the Ukrainian Insurgent Army a terrorist organization, banning its activity in the country.