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    IEA Urges Int’l Community to Follow US in Switching From Coal to Gas

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    The world needs to promote all available clean energy sources and use oil, gas and energy in more efficient manner, following the example of the United States, which leads the world in reducing carbon dioxide emissions by switching from coal to natural gas, International Energy Agency (IEA) Executive Director Fatih Birol told Sputnik on Tuesday.

    ISTANBUL (Sputnik) — In the G20 joint communique released on Saturday, the United States announced its pledge to work with other countries to help them access and use fossil fuels more cleanly and efficiently and help deploy renewables and other clean energy sources. Despite withdrawing from the Paris climate deal, the country has been leading the world in the rate of reduction of carbon dioxide emissions for the past 10 years.

    "We need all the clean energy sources — renewables, solar, wind, hydropower, nuclear energy. We also need natural gas because in 2016 the biggest reduction in emissions came from United States because of the natural gas replacing coal. We need all these fuels and contributions of every country, it's important that we push clean energies and energy efficiency and cleaner use of oil, gas and coal," Birol said at the World Petroleum Congress in Istanbul when asked to comment on the pledge of Washington for cleaner fossil fuels.

    In June, US President Donald Trump, who repeatedly criticized the Paris accord during his election campaign as potentially dangerous for the US economy and employment, announced the country’s exit from the agreement, expressing readiness to renegotiate the agreement under new terms that would be more favorable for the United States.

    The Paris climate agreement was adopted in December 2015. Signed by over 190 countries and ratified by nearly 150, the accord came into force in November 2016. According to the document, all parties to the agreement should reduce greenhouse gas emissions in order to maintain the increase in average global temperature at below 2 degrees Celsius above pre-industrial levels.

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    oil, gas, coal, International Energy Agency (IEA), Fatih Birol
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