Figures published by the Office for National Statistics on Friday showed the budget deficit was equivalent to 14.5% of the country's annual gross domestic product (GDP), compared to 15.2% of GDP in the year after end of World War II.
In the coronavirus pandemic, the government support for individuals and businesses contributed to an increase of £203.2 billion (or 27.5%) in central government day-to-day (or current) spending. Central government tax and National Insurance receipts (combined) in the financial year ending March 2021 fell by £34.9 billion (or 5.0%) compared with the same period a year earlier. The staggering budget deficit came as a result of these low receipts and high expenditure, just as Britain is set to take another gradual step in the lifting of restrictions.
Public sector net borrowing was £303.1 billion in the financial year ending March 2021 – £246.1 billion more than the previous year.— Office for National Statistics (ONS) (@ONS) April 23, 2021
This was 14.5% of GDP, the highest proportion since the end of World War II, when it was 15.2% in 1945 to 1946 https://t.co/p64qO7vJ8E pic.twitter.com/pNCqMeQA74
After the reopening of non-essential retail and some parts of the leisure and hospitality sector in April, further reopening is scheduled each month until June. Investment bank J.P Morgan said in a report they were looking for back-to-back GDP gains in the middle two quarters of 2021 of close to 5%.
“The heavy lifting will come from sectors providing consumer-facing services with higher levels of social contact, where output is still almost 20% below pre-pandemic levels. We expect consumption to close all of this gap by the end of the year,” the financial giant reported.
A London top financial analyst has suggested as the UK is slowing reopening its economy, “we are anticipating some strong economic numbers for the next few months, with positive GDP numbers and unemployment showing signs of improvement.
“Retail sales coming much higher than anticipated has had a constructive effect. Admittedly we are coming out of low levels however the average UK household’s savings have increased over the pandemic period due to lack of spending. We believe that economy will bounce back in UK faster than anticipated due to Services picking up and spending increasing. This will lead to reduction in unemployment,” the City of London financial analyst said.
The remaining steps of easing the lockdown will take place no earlier than 17 May (step 3) and no earlier than 21 June (step 4), according to the government’s roadmap.
The third step is set to see most social contact rules outdoors lifted, indoor hospitality reopen, larger indoor performances and sporting events take place among other measures.
Step four plans to see all legal limits on social contact removed, nightclubs reopened and remaining restrictions on large events and performances lifted.
Central bank has already stated that they have enough capacity to support the economy further if need may be, explained the City financial analyst.
“However assuming the reopening of the economy remains in place without a further lockdown period later on, UK’s economic outlook looks rather constructive,” he added.
The coronavirus pandemic has crushed some of the biggest UK retail giants, with the likes of the Arcadia Group and Debenhams going bust and dozens of others announcing cuts and store closures around the country.
Coupled with Britain’s withdrawal from the European Union, the pandemic has largely brought an overhaul of the UK economic outlook, with the City of London financial hub suffering the exodus of financial companies to Europe.