13:54 GMT23 April 2021
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    An ongoing global semiconductor shortage caused by the ongoing US trade war with China and spiking demand for electronics compounded by blowback from the COVID-19 pandemic has been driving the need to seek measures to boost capacity.

    Soaring prices and shortages of products ranging from TVs and mobile phones to automobiles and games consoles are the blowback being faced by consumers amid the ongoing chip shortage, that started last year. 

    “Chips are everything. There is a perfect storm of supply and demand factors going on here. But basically, there is a new level of demand that can’t be kept up with, everyone is in crisis and it is getting worse,” Neil Campling, media and tech analyst at Mirabaud was cited as saying.

    Pandemic Delays

    Initially, the coronavirus pandemic brought about temporary delays in supplies, with factories shut down.
    Ensuing lockdowns last year resulted in a slump in car sales of up to 50 percent, as travel ground to a halt.

    Automobile giants responded by trimming down manufacturing and reducing orders for parts, including computer chips.

    Around 672,000 fewer cars than usual will have rolled off the production lines in the first quarter of 2021 as a result, according to research firm IHS Markit.

    The pandemic-fuelled, stay at home lifestyle has driven demand for TVs, home computers, games consoles, and 5G-enabled mobile phones.

    Car manufacturers have also been investing in tech-heavy electric vehicles, adding to the surging demand for chips. Semiconductor Industry Association (SIA) says that chip sales in January 2021 hit $40 billion.

    Trade War Woes

    Compounding the chip troubles is the ongoing protracted trade war between the US and China.

    Top Chinese chip developer HiSilicon Technologies, Huawei's semiconductor unit, was blocked from using any American technologies without a license last year. SMIC was also added to multiple US trade blacklists.

    US chip firm Xilinx has had to suspend some sales to Chinese consumer electronics company Huawei after then-President Donald Trump blacklisted the tech giant over purported national security fears. China and Huawei have repeatedly rejected all allegations.

    Struggling to deal with the challenges, China ramped up work to build its own production of silicon chips, with Huawei fuelling investment in small chip-related companies to plug its own supply chain, Nikkei Asia earlier reported.

    Similarly, the US is getting Taiwan Semiconductor Manufacturing Company (TSMC) to build a $12-billion chip factory on its turf.

    Industry Giants Suffer Fallout Amid Shortages

    Samsung, the world’s second-largest buyer of silicon chips after Apple, earlier this week admitted it might have to postpone the launch of its high-end smartphone due to the shortage.

    “It is incredible that Samsung sells $56 billion of semiconductors to others, and consumes $36 billion of them itself, finds it may have to delay the launch of one of its own products,” said Neil Campling.

    Samsung’s co-chief executive, Koh Dong-jin, deplored a “serious imbalance” of who has access to the limited supplies of chips.

    Shortages last year forced Apple, the world’s biggest buyer of semiconductors, to delay launching its new iPhone 12 by two months.

    Auto giant Ford recently cancelled shifts at two car plants. It warned that profits for 2021 could be hit by up to $2.5 billion due to chip shortages.

    ​Nissan Motor Co. is curtailing production at assembly plants in the US and Mexico.

    Console maker Sony has acknowledged it might not reach sales targets for the new PS5 this year because of the semiconductor supply challenges, with similarly dismal supply issue forecasts coming from Microsoft’s Xbox.

    ​Recent months have witnessed car-makers like Ford, Toyota, and Volkswagen partially mothballing factories as they struggle to source the chips required to produce their vehicles.

    The global car industry is estimated to buy about $37 billion worth of chips.

    “The worst affected have been autos because they were last to the party; if Apple is spending $56 billion a year and growing who are you going to keep supplies going to first?” Campling said.

    According to some analysts, notwithstanding the boosted efforts to tackle the shortages, it will take up to a year for manufacturing to get back on track and for chip supply to catch up with demand.

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    Volkswagen, Nissan, Sony, Samsung, trade war, US-China trade war, China, Donald Trump, Huawei, Huawei
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