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    Pump jacks are seen on the Bakken Shale Formation, near Williston, North Dakota, on September 6, 2016

    Don't Blame Trump, Blame Oil: US Shale Boom Responsible for TPP Rejection

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    The US shale revolution which took place during the Obama administration played a key role in forging opposition to the Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP) trade deal that the former President had worked so hard to support, analyst Nataliya Porokhova told RIA Novosti.

    The decision by US President Donald Trump to kill off the Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP) agreement with large public support was a consequence of long-term US economic trends, director of research and forecasting firm Analytical Credit Rating Agency (ACRA) Nataliya Porokhova told RIA Novosti.

    "The rejection of TPP was widely expected – it was a pre-election promise that is relatively easy to fulfil, because the TPP hadn't in fact come into force yet," the analyst said.

    While the rejection of TPP amid rising protectionism has been attributed to a rise in populist politics, Porokhova noted that the US shale oil boom that occurred during the Obama administration has also played a key role. 

    US crude oil production rose every year between 2008 and 2015, reversing a decades-long steady decrease in production. In 2015 US crude production reached 9.42 million barrels per day, the highest level since 1972. 

    Falling energy prices led to a corresponding increase in industrial production and greater competition for markets despite slow global growth, Porokhova explained.

    "The development of shale oil led to a sharp drop in oil prices, not only because of a growing market surplus but also fundamental changes in trade flows and the necessity of suppliers to compete for new markets to replace the decline in US imports (in 2013-2014 the US not only increased its own oil production but also increased oil imports from Canada."

    "US protectionism is not only a consequence of populist policies in response to crisic economic phenomena, but also the intrinsic tendency of the US economy, when local industry benefitted from reductions in domestic energy prices."

    The increasing popularity of protectionism in the US is part of a global tendency likewise stimulated by low oil prices, Porokhova explained.

    "Slower economic growth increases competition for markets and stimulates protective measures. The high price of oil, the main transport fuel, acts as a kind of 'protective barrier' because high transport costs increase the cost of production for importers and 'protect' domestic producers. Accordingly, a fall in the price of oil leads to a decrease in transportation costs and enables greater access to markets, and therefore encourages protectionism."

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    protectionism, Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP), shale oil, trade, United States
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