21:03 GMT +323 October 2019
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    A US 100-dollar banknote with a portrait of Benjamin Franklin and Chinese 100-yuan banknotes with portrait of late Chinese Chairman Mao Zedong are seen in the picture illustration in Beijing, China

    Showdown: Economic Standoff Between US, China Reaches Acute Phase

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    The 8th round of the Strategic and Economic Dialogue talks between the United States and China were recently held in Beijing. The meeting was organized amid growing tensions between the two countries, including politics and the economy.

    Washington and Beijing have political differences on a number of issues, especially over a territorial dispute in the South China Sea.

    For several years, the region, rich in natural resources and crucial for transportation, has been a problematic point and has risked triggering an open conflict at any moment.

    The tensions in the South China sparked several years ago after the US changed the strategic doctrine, naming the Pacific its top priority region.

    For several years, Washington has been deploying warships across the globe. Their military presence prompted China’s neighbors, including Vietnam, Malaysia, Philippines, and Taiwan, to intensify their efforts to counter China’s alleged buildup in the region.

    The Pentagon has repeatedly sent ships and aircraft to the disputed area. Beijing has raised protest in response. Ahead of the talks, China announced the establishment of the South China Sea as an area protected by Chinese air defenses.

    Nevertheless, Washington and Beijing do not want to escalate political tensions and thus are unlikely to launch an open conflict in the South China Sea.

    At the same time, their economic differences urgently need to be resolved. The US has the world’s most powerful economy but China is narrowing the gap. As a result, Washington and Beijing are facing a multitude of economic tensions, including within international organizations.

    Last week, the EU, Japan and some other countries accused Washington of undermining the work of the World Trade Organization (WTO) after Washington vetoed the reappointment of South Korean judge Seung Wha Chang to the Appellate Body. Washington accused him of acting in favor of China’s interests.

    The latest WTO dispute once again proves that most of its members use their membership to pursue own interests but not for maintaining equal conditions for global trade relations.

    "US opposition comes at a time when many believe Washington has been losing faith in the WTO and is preparing for a big fight with China over how and when economies can deploy anti-dumping defenses against cheap imports," an article in The Financial Times read.

    Later this year, the Appellate Body will decide on granting market economy status (MES) to China. Beijing insists that China should be granted the status in December 2016, 15 years after its admission to WTO. The US has opposed the move and so Washington decided to veto the reappointment of Seung Wha Chang. If China receives MES it will be capable of defending itself from anti-dumping allegations by the US and other Western countries.

    What is more, Washington is concerned over the expansion of Chinese capital in the American market. This year, Chinese companies have actively bought assets, companies and real estate in the US.

    Another problematic point between Washington and Beijing is currency. The US and other Western countries have repeatedly criticized China for devaluating the yuan. Beijing does not want the US Federal Reserve to raise interest rates because higher interest rates draw capital from China to the US. Each time the Fed has hinted on the possible interest rate hike the Chinese Finance Ministry has devalued the yuan to prevent capital outflows.

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    yuan, South China Sea, China, United States
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