The Russian side forwarded a list of its EU enlargement-related concerns to the European Commission as early as 1999, Salygin recalled. This past January, it updated the list.
Controversial issues include the extension to the ten would-be member states of the European Union's current tariff and non-tariff quotas and anti-dumping measures vis-a-vis Russian exports and also the prevention of barriers to trade in nuclear fuel cycle commodities. Other problems to be addressed are facilitation of the visa regime for Russian nationals and readjustment of technical, veterinary and sanitary standards, Salygin said. He singled out Kaliningrad as a complex issue, which deserves separate examination (the Kaliningrad region is Russia's exclave on the Baltic Coast). Another outstanding problem is the adjustment to EU regulations of Russia's bilateral agreements with each of the ten candidate states.
According to Salygin, both Russia and the European Union want timely solutions to problems arising from EU expansion; neither wants a legal vacuum between them.