The container with samples, extracted from Chang’e 5's return capsule, was formally passed on to the scientists at a ceremony organized by the CNSA in Beijing on Saturday morning.
The samples will be made available to "terrestrial operational systems, which means the transition of Chang’e 5 from the engineering phase to the research phase," the CNSA said in a press release.
The total amount of soil samples in the container weighed 1,731 grams (61 ounces), according to the press release.
Chang’e 5 was launched on November 24. The mission landed on the near side of the Moon on December 1, collected samples during the next two days and headed back to Earth, landing in China's Inner Mongolia region on December 16.
China became the third country in history after the United States and the Soviet Union to successfully perform a lunar lander-return mission.