According to the outlet, the incident took place at about 4:30 a.m. (07:30 GMT). The man, whose surname is Chung, took off his shoe and threw it at the president, failing to hit him.
After the incident, the man, who wanted Moon, as he said, to feel "contempt and shame," was detained by the police.
The reasons for his negative attitude toward Moon have not been reported.
South Korean pollster Realmeter said earlier in the week that Moon's approval rating had dropped to 48.7 percent, reaching its lowest point in four months over Seoul's controversial policies regarding the country's real estate market, North Korea and irregular workers issue.