Currently, over 34 million people use Twitter in India.
The panel was headed by Heena Gavit, a parliamentarian of the ruling Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP).
Representatives from Twitter India are expected to deliver a presentation on how the platform is tackling the security of women on social media.
Gavit has also asked the Indian representatives of other social networking giants – Facebook, WhatsApp and Instagram to appear before the parliamentary panel on Thursday.
The meetings come at a time when India’s 451 million monthly active internet users are contributing to and being subjected to hate, abusive content and trolling on social media.
A recent survey found that 59 percent of people thought users real identities should be mandatory for all accounts to reduce trolling, while 50 percent were in favour of platforms banning trollers and 78 percent said social networking sites must be responsible for taking actions against problem users.