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    India to Explore Nuclear Energy Source in Moon's Southern Hemisphere

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    The Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) wants to study the potential for mining a source of waste-free nuclear energy from the southern part of the moon and it could fetch trillions of dollars to India in return.

    New Delhi (Sputnik) — The Indian space agency ISRO has set for itself an ambitious target to reach the south side of the moon in search of nuclear energy. The ISRO's chief told the news agency Bloomberg that it will launch a rover in October this year to explore virgin territory on the lunar surface and analyze crust samples for signs of water and helium-3. The moon mission will be called Chandrayaan II, next in the series of Chandrayaan I, which was a success. 

    The helium isotope, if explored in abundance on the south side of the moon, could then theoretically meet global energy demands for 250 years if harnessed, the Bloomberg report reads.  

    "The countries which have the capacity to bring that source from the moon to Earth will dictate the process. I don't want to be just a part of them, I want to lead them," said K. Sivan, ISRO chairman, told Bloomberg.

    ​"We are ready and waiting. We've equipped ourselves to take on this particular program," he added.

    The upcoming launch of Chandrayaan-2 includes an orbiter, lander and a rectangular rover. The six-wheeled vehicle, powered by solar energy, will collect information for at least 14 days and cover an area with a 400-meter radius. The rover will send images to the lander and the lander will transmit those back to the ISRO for analysis, the report added.

    READ MORE: Indian Scientists Claim to Have Detected Extraterrestrial Bacteria

    The presence of helium-3 was confirmed in lunar samples returned by the Apollo missions by NASA. India's first moon mission Chandrayaan-1, launched in October 2008, completed more than 3,400 orbits and ejected a probe that discovered molecules of water on the surface of the moon for the first time.

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    Tags:
    lunar environment, helium, rover, nuclear energy, water, search, Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO), Bloomberg, India
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