03:07 GMT11 May 2021
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    MOSCOW (Sputnik) - Russia will take into account in its military planning the deployment of ballistic missile defense systems (BMD) in Japan, Russian Deputy Foreign Minister Sergey Ryabkov said Saturday.

    Earlier in December, Japanese government decided to deploy two Lockheed Martin Aegis Ashore BMD systems to protect its territory from North Korean ballistic missiles.

    "The fact that such systems are appearing next to our eastern borders creates a new situation, which we cannot ignore in our military planning. We again call on Japanese counterparts to think about whether it is in Japan's interests to become another violator of the Intermediate-Range Nuclear Forces Treaty [INF Treaty]," Ryabkov said as quoted in a statement on the Russian Foreign Ministry's website.

    The diplomat noted that Tokyo has long been involved in the US initiative to create an Asian segment of its global BMD system.

    READ MORE: Deployment of US Aegis Systems in Japan Has No Relation to INF Treaty — Tokyo

    Ryabkov's comments come after Japan's Foreign Ministry stated on Friday that the INF Treaty does not apply to Tokyo and does not have any relation to the deployment of the US Aegis ballistic missile defense system in Japan, since it is not a signatory country.

    However, the Russian Foreign Ministry has repeatedly stressed that the installation of the US missile defense systems in Japan would, in fact, mean that the United States had violated the INF treaty.

    The treaty, signed in 1987 by the US and the Soviet Union, prohibits the development, deployment and testing of ground-launched ballistic or cruise missiles with ranges between 500 and 5,500 miles as well as their launchers and support infrastructure. The INF Treaty is not applied to sea-launched missiles.

    Aegis BMD systems, also referred to as Sea-Based Midcourse, are developed by the US in order to provide short to intermediate-range ballistic missile defense, whereas Aegis Ashore is the system's land-based component, which is consequently covered by the INF Treaty.

    Moscow says that Aegis Ashore is also capable of launching offensive ballistic or cruise missiles such as the Tomahawk. However, the US State Department has refuted the accusations, noting that "the system is only capable of launching defensive interceptor missiles, such as the SM-3," according to the department's fact sheet.

    READ MORE: Japan Eyes Record-High Defense Budget for Fiscal Year 2018 — Reports

    Japan' s decision to acquire US Aegis Ashore missile defense installations is prompted by the provocative actions of North Korea. The enhancement of the defense sector has been the new trend in Japan over the last several years because of the heightened tensions on the Korean peninsula being escalated by North Korea's missile tests.


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    breach, Aegis Ashore, INF treaty, Aegis Ballistic Missile Defense, Japan, US, Russia
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