The country's economic growth is declining as a result of rising labor cost, insufficient human capital and decrease in capital returns in the 21st century, especially in the first decade, Cai said at the 2017 Netease Annual Economist Conference held recently.
"The real growth of a healthy economy should conform to potential growth, just like a person's running speed is determined by their physical condition," Cai said. Based on downward potential growth, China's economy in the long term will slow down, he warned.
China's economic growth is expected to present L-shaped trajectories in the long term, the economist said.
This article was originally published in The Global Times.