"Trade deficit with China is a matter of concern. We are discussing the issue with China for greater access for Indian products and services in the Chinese market," Sitharaman said in Parliament during Question Hour on Monday.
She said the government was working to reduce the trade deficit with China. Sitharaman informed Parliament that the country's trade deficit with China has marginally dipped to US$51 billion in 2016-17 from $52.69 billion in the previous fiscal. India's bilateral trade with China stood at US $71.48 billion in 2016-17. India's trade deficit with China is about half the country's overall trade deficit $106 billion.
Recently in a speech in Singapore, India's Foreign Secretary S. Jaishankar raised this topic.
"India has an alarming trade deficit that in our view emanates from obstacles to market access in China," Jaishankar said on July 11 to mark 25 years of India-Singapore Partnership at Shangri La Hotel, Singapore.
"India imports a lot of high-tech goods, including mobile phones and other electronic products from China and that has contributed immensely to this deficit in the last three years. The popularity of Chinese smartphone brands is a telling example of that and shows how much they have gained in market share in India. Not just consumers, but Indian companies too are benefiting from cheap Chinese imports, which now are expanding into capital goods sector as well. They will soon become a major player in the infrastructure sector as well. Besides seeking trade relaxation from China, India should also focus on improving its own house in order, promoting manufacturing and providing incentives for businesses, including from China to set up shops here," Deep Kisor-Datta Ray, Associate Professor, at the New Delhi-based O.P. Jindal Global University, told Sputnik.
In the last three years, China has topped the list of countries with which India has a trade deficit. The list includes South Africa, Iran, Russia, Canada, Japan and Australia as well. India enjoys favorable trade balance with the United States, United Arab Emirates, Bangladesh, United Kingdom and several other countries.