The smuggler, surnamed Liu, was also fined 40,000 yuan by Beijing Municipal No.4 Intermediate People's Court, chinanews.com reported.
He could have faced over five years in prison, but was reportedly treated with leniency due to his cooperation with the authorities.
Liu attempted to bring 16 carved ivory items, weighing a total of 8.8 kilograms, through Beijing Capital International Airport.
The chinanews.com report did not mention for which company Liu worked, or in which African country he worked.
Even though his company warns all its employees against smuggling ivory, and his colleagues who learned of his plan told him it was a bad idea, Liu decided it was worth the risk, said the report.
The 35-year-old had wrapped the ivory items in plastic wrap and foil and placed them in a hidden compartment he made in his suitcase.
On December 30, 2016, China announced the phasing out of ivory processing and sales by March 31, 2017, with all ivory processing and sales to cease by the end of 2017.
The number of smuggling cases has been declining since last year, Liu Dongsheng, deputy head of the State Forestry Administration, was quoted by the report as saying.
Beijing Customs said most ivory smugglers are Chinese people working in Africa because they are able to access cheap ivory easily, the Xinhua News Agency reported in May.
The Ugandan authorities apologized to China on June 14 after a leaked letter from the country's president to a top law enforcement official wrongly accused Chinese diplomats of smuggling ivory.
This article was originally published in the Global Times.