Scientists from the University of East Anglia will release seven underwater robots from an Indian ship into the Bay of Bengal next week to study the influence of ocean conditions on the monsoon rainfall, a university press statement said on Tuesday. The robots, which look like miniature yellow submarines and have computers onboard, will spend a month moving through the bay and measuring temperature, saltiness and currents.
Meanwhile, the researchers from the University of Reading and climate experts in India will lead a partner project using a plane to measure heat and moisture in the air over the bay. Scientists from the Centre for Atmospheric and Oceanic Sciences at the Indian Institute of Science, the Indian National Centre for Ocean Information Services, the National Centre for Medium Range Weather Forecasting, and the National Institute of Ocean Technology are collaborating on the project.
"The Indian monsoon is notoriously hard to predict. It is a very complicated weather system and the processes are not understood or recorded in science," lead researcher Adrian Matthews said. "Nobody has ever made observations on this scale during the monsoon season itself so this is a truly groundbreaking project," he said. The 8-million-pound ($11 million) project is an unprecedented effort to observe the monsoon in India and could eventually help farmers time planting better, according to Matthews.
Over 200 million people in India suffered from one of the country's worst droughts this year, following two poor annual rainy seasons and the onset of intense summer heat. Strong showers in are expected to bring some relief from hot weather. Better forecasting would improve the nation's capacity to prepare for such weather changes.
The fact of registration and authorization of users on Sputnik websites via users’ account or accounts on social networks indicates acceptance of these rules.
Users are obliged abide by national and international laws. Users are obliged to speak respectfully to the other participants in the discussion, readers and individuals referenced in the posts.
The websites’ administration has the right to delete comments made in languages other than the language of the majority of the websites’ content.
In all language versions of the sputniknews.com websites any comments posted can be edited.
A user comment will be deleted if it:
does not correspond with the subject of the post;
promotes hatred and discrimination on racial, ethnic, sexual, religious or social basis or violates the rights of minorities;
violates the rights of minors, causing them harm in any form, including moral damage;
contains ideas of extremist nature or calls for other illegal activities;
contains insults, threats to other users, individuals or specific organizations, denigrates dignity or undermines business reputations;
contains insults or messages expressing disrespect to Sputnik;
violates privacy, distributes personal data of third parties without their consent or violates privacy of correspondence;
describes or references scenes of violence, cruelty to animals;
contains information about methods of suicide, incites to commit suicide;
pursues commercial objectives, contains improper advertising, unlawful political advertisement or links to other online resources containing such information;
promotes products or services of third parties without proper authorization;
contains offensive language or profanity and its derivatives, as well as hints of the use of lexical items falling within this definition;
contains spam, advertises spamming, mass mailing services and promotes get-rich-quick schemes;
promotes the use of narcotic / psychotropic substances, provides information on their production and use;
contains links to viruses and malicious software;
is part of an organized action involving large volumes of comments with identical or similar content ("flash mob");
“floods” the discussion thread with a large number of incoherent or irrelevant messages;
violates etiquette, exhibiting any form of aggressive, humiliating or abusive behavior ("trolling");
doesn’t follow standard rules of the English language, for example, is typed fully or mostly in capital letters or isn’t broken down into sentences.
The administration has the right to block a user’s access to the page or delete a user’s account without notice if the user is in violation of these rules or if behavior indicating said violation is detected.