Animal rights activists and environmentalists have welcomed the Government of India's decision, according to which only pet dogs with a valid pet book and other documents transferred in the name of the importer will be allowed. Defense and police forces can import dogs to be deployed for internal security. Importing dogs for research and development will be allowed only with the recommendation of the Committee for the Purpose of Supervision of Experiments on Animals.
The Law Commission, in its 2015 report stated, "many animals do not survive the trauma of being transported in small cages without adequate water or food, and estimates suggest that, overall, 40% of animals die in captivity or transportation."
According to the People for Ethical Treatment for Animals (PETA), India has a multi-billion dollar unregulated pet trade, growing at a rate of about 20% per year with the Indian pet care market alone estimated to reach US $120 million.
The organizations are now demanding that the government enact a law regulating the pet shops and dog and aquarium fish breeding practices. There are about 300,000 pet shops in India.