Deliberation makes people more selfish, but does not work in the reverse, psychologists Adam Bear and David Rand from Yale University wrote in a paper published in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.
The developed model of the study outlined that individuals from cooperative and helpful environments stop being nice when they begin calculating the possible outcomes of their actions.
“The root of being nice is an intuitive desire to help people, not a cold, calculating understanding of morality,” Rand said.
The scenario isn’t universal. According to the study people from uncooperative backgrounds who weigh every step are more selfish. If those naturally selfish people engage with kind people, the selfish person will still not do anything without some form of perceived value, state the psychologists.
“There’s an asymmetry in what stopping to think can do,” Bear said. “Stopping to think can never lead a mean person to become nice. It can only lead to a nice person becoming mean.”
Making a selfish person more altruistic appears to be impossible, but the preservation of kindness without reward is forever at risk, scholars suggest.
“It seems surprising and that’s why this is cool,” Rand declared.