02:35 GMT30 November 2020
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    New research has revealed that artificial intelligence has impressive language understanding and has the ability to complete relatively complex interactive tasks. TaeWoo Kim a Lecturer at the University of Technology Sydney spoke to us about how much influence artificial intelligence has on our lives?

    Sputnik: How much influence do social media algorithms and artificial intelligence have on our choices?

    TaeWoo Kim: I think I need to clarify first that my research is not specific or limited to social media. It's about general artificial intelligence and algorithms that are used in various venues. It could be social media, like Facebook, or it could be some sales websites like Amazon. But generally, I found that they have growing influence on our decisions in many different domains.

    So for example, recommendations, they influence us, they affect what choices we make. Even in social media if I can extend the findings in my research, from my colleagues and I, I could predict how they influence people's behaviour and social media. It's everywhere and it's increasing its effect on our decisions.

    Sputnik: Do you think artificial intelligence has free will?

    TaeWoo Kim: No, I don't think artificial intelligence has free will. And the reason why I'm saying that is because artificial intelligence is developed by people. And it's designed and developed by people to serve human beings. So we developed it, and by default, its design is to fulfil the proposal of making our life easier and helps us to accomplish our goals. So I don't think artificial intelligence has its own free will.

    So for example, let's say Google's AlphaGo won the world’s national champion of board games called “go game”. And people will not think that such an accomplishment is done by artificial intelligence’s free will, it's more of an algorithm that's just pre-programmed to play the game.  So that's one reason why I and other people believe that artificial intelligence does not have free will. And indeed, if you go deeper into philosophical routes, free will is tightly connected with moral responsibility.

    But it's hard to imagine in my mind that someone will punish AI for its wrongdoing,  let's say an autonomous vehicle swerved to the left or right and then by accident, killed someone who was passing by, say a pedestrian. Even if in such a fatal case, we cannot punish AI because we know it's programmed by humans. So it's really hard to link up AI with free will.

    Sputnik: How can we regulate artificial intelligence?

    TaeWoo Kim: It is important for us to understand how AI influences our psychology and decision making. So, I am an AI researcher based in psychological research and theories. So what I can say based on my research findings is that AI influences human decision in a very different way compared to how humans influence human decision.

    I think that's an important starting point to distinguish AI from humans and also that should be reflected in the regulations of AI. And also, it is important to know which entity AI is being used for because different entities and institutions could have malicious intentions. So from a regulations perspective, it is important to understand who is using AI and for what purpose.

    The views and opinions expressed in the article do not necessarily reflect those of Sputnik.

    research, cognitive function, decision, human, artificial intelligence, AI
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