19:47 GMT28 July 2021
Listen Live
    Get short URL

    The win of the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) has indicated that the idea of a Hindu Renaissance is on the rise in India, says journalist and military observer Rakesh Krishnan Simha, explaining how the BJP victory could affect India-Pakistan relations and a geopolitical competition between New Delhi and Beijing.

    "The Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) win is really bad news for Pakistan", opines Rakesh Krishnan Simha, an Indian journalist, foreign affairs analyst and military observer.

    Following the 26 February Indian Air Force's (IAF) Balakot air operation over Kashmir that resulted in the downing of Indian and Pakistani aircraft, tensions continue to simmer between New Delhi and Islamabad.

    The air strike launched in response to the Pakistan-based Jaish-e-Muhammad (JeM or "Army of Muhammad") assault in Pulwama, which claimed the lives of nearly 40 Central Reserve Police Force (CRPF) servicemen, prompted a storm of criticism from India's opposition. In a joint statement 21 opposition parties accused the governing BJP of the "blatant politisation" of the security situation ahead of the general election.

    Simha holds an opposite stance.

    "For the first time since independence, India has started responding to Pakistani terror attacks with devastating counter strikes", the military observer pointed out. "The classic example of Modi's policy of disproportionate retaliation was Balakot where 12 warplanes struck at a terror camp across the international border, catching the Pakistan Air Force completely off guard".

    Ahead of the 2019 Balakot air strike aimed at thwarting supposed terrorist camps on the territory of Pakistan, the Indian leadership deprived Islamabad of the "most-favoured nation" status.

    "India's withdrawal of most favoured nation status and closure of the border trade has contributed hugely to inflation in Pakistan", the journalist remarked.

    According to Simha, New Delhi is likely to continue tightening the screws on Islamabad.

    India and Pakistan have long been engaged in skirmishes over the disputed Kashmir region. New Delhi has repeatedly accused Islamabad of using jihadi militants to destabilise the Indian-controlled parts of Kashmir, something that the Pakistani leadership continues to deny. Relations between the two states have been largely tense since the partition of British India in 1947.

    The Modi-Led Hindu Renaissance

    Commenting on Modi's win, Simha explained the fading influence of the Gandhi-led Indian National Congress and pointed out differences in the INC and BJP's political agenda and foreign policy approach.

    "In May 2014 when Narendra Modi won the general elections, it was the first time that a truly representative Indian government had taken over the reins of power in Delhi in more than 800 years", the journalist said. "The BJP's slogan during the 1980s was 'Proudly Say You Are A Hindu.' Modi is the first BJP leader who led the party by saying that Hindu culture and religion are the essence of India and what makes India a great nation. Modi's idea of making India a powerful and wealthy nation, which it was before the coming of the Muslim and European invaders, has appealed to Indians nationwide".

    In contrast, "Congress was always seen by Indians as a party that inherited power from the British Empire although the INC did zero percent of the fighting during the ceaseless war for independence against the British", he said, adding that "Congress was never a nationalist party but rather a coalition of interests groups, including Muslims".

    "The Hindus got tired of the Congress' Muslim appeasement policies and the suppression of Hindu renaissance. Over the past seven decades the Hindus deserted Congress for various regional parties but it was the BJP that gained the most from the crumbling of the Congress coalition", he elaborated.

    Regardless of the BJP's nationalist stance Indian Muslims have also cast their ballots for Modi's party this year, Simha said, stressing that this fact has largely been neglected in the mainstream media. "Modi's moves to improve the rights of Muslim women in India have got him vocal support from Muslim women", the journalist underscored.

    This file photo taken on July 10, 2008 shows a Chinese soldier (L) next to an Indian soldier at the Nathu La border crossing between India and China in India's northeastern Sikkim state
    This file photo taken on July 10, 2008 shows a Chinese soldier (L) next to an Indian soldier at the Nathu La border crossing between India and China in India's northeastern Sikkim state

    India-China Geopolitical Competition

    Commenting on Modi's foreign policy strategy after the sweeping win, the journalist predicted the aggravation of India-China geopolitical competition in the South China Sea, the Pacific Ocean and at the Sino-Indian Himalayan border, as well as the further development of Indo-Russian and Indo-American ties.

    According to Simha, under PM Modi New Delhi has adopted a more assertive stance in the region with Indian Navy ships "sailing up and down the highly militarised waters" of the South China Sea. He added that the Indian Navy also takes part in joint exercises with the navies of Japan, Vietnam, Singapore and the Philippines, as well as the US-led freedom of navigation operations (FONOP) in the region.

    The longstanding South China Sea maritime dispute involves a number of states, namely Brunei, China, Taiwan, Malaysia, Indonesia, the Philippines, and Vietnam. Citing its "nine dash lines" concept, Beijing claims most of the US-championed FONOP initiative is a violation of the country's sovereignty.

    "Chinese claims on the South China Sea have led to most of the littoral countries looking up to India for support, which ties in perfectly with India's Look East policy", Simha pointed out.

    In the beginning of May, the Indian navy destroyer INS Kolkata and tanker INS Shaktitook part in a weeklong pass through the South China Sea together with the US, Japan and the Philippines. Between 19 and 22 May, India conducted bilateral naval exercises with Singapore in the region.

    India to Continue to Maintain Relations With Russia, US

    The journalist highlighted that "Modi and [Russian President Vladimir] Putin enjoy a cordial relationship" and will continue to maintain mutually beneficial relations under the current BJP leadership.

    During his previous term, the Indian prime minister has repeatedly highlighted Putin's "vital role in further enhancing the friendship between India and Russia".

    ​Meanwhile, under the ruling BJP party overall Russo-Indian trade has grown from $6 billion to $10.7 billion between 2014 and 2018.

    Having emphasised the importance of Russo-Indian defence cooperation, Simha noted that "high-tech weaponry from Russia such as the S-400 have captured the public's imagination and will contribute to goodwill for Russia".

    Last year, India acquired the S-400 Triumf, Russia's state-of-the-art anti-aircraft system, worth over $5 billion. In early May, New Delhi finalised the deal aimed at obtaining 464 Russian-origin upgraded T-90 "Bhishma" main battle tanks at a cost of about $1.93 billion. The tanks will be assembled at the Heavy Vehicles Factory (HVF) in the city of Chennai from semi-knocked-down (SKD) kits from Uralvagonzavod.

    Meanwhile, the US is increasingly courting India. According to Simha, India-US relations will continue to thrive as the two countries have certain shared interests such as "countering China, monitoring Pakistan's nuclear stockpile, keeping the price of oil low and securing the oil lanes".

    "It comes as no surprise that under Modi the country has entered into partnerships with a number of Western nations and their allies such as Japan and the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN)", he said. "It is due to India's close relations with the US and Japan that India was able to enter the Missile Technology Control Regime (MTCR) and get waivers for importing high-technology from the West".

    According to Simha, "a strong military partnership with the US is clearly in India's favour" due to New Delhi's concerns about the rising military might of Beijing.

    The views and opinions expressed by the speaker and the contributor do not necessarily reflect those of Sputnik.

    The views and opinions expressed in the article do not necessarily reflect those of Sputnik.


    Major $9mln India VS Pakistan Bout: Amir Khan to Face MMA Star in Saudi Arabia
    Congress, India's Main Opposition Party, Boycotts Media for Being 'Pro-Modi'
    'Divider in Chief' No More? TIME Magazine Makes 'U-Turn' on Indian PM Modi
    Indian Opposition Leader Refuses to Attend Modi Swearing-in Amid BJP Accusations
    Hindus, geopolitical tensions, defense cooperation, Muslims, military, elections, S-400, Indian National Congress, Bharatiya Janata party (BJP), Vladimir Putin, Narendra Modi, Donald Trump, South China Sea, India, China, US, Russia, Kashmir, Pakistan
    Community standardsDiscussion