18:26 GMT06 June 2020
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    As homelessness continues to soar in the UK, the number of councils issuing hefty fines for rough sleeping is increasing. However, some people are questioning how effective a strategy which economically punishes the homeless at a time when they can’t even afford a hostel room for the night is.

    Sputnik discussed the issue with Matt Townsend, the chief executive of ‘The Feed' charity.

    Sputnik: As homelessness continues to soar in the UK, the number of councils issuing £100 fines for rough sleeping is increasing. However, how effective is a strategy that economically punishes the homeless at a time when they can't even afford a hostel room for the night?

    Matt Townsend: I think most homeless people in the UK won't have to pay for a hostel room; most hostels will be paid for. The key issue here, though, is that fining people, putting people in front of the criminal justice system doesn't really help people. What helps is making sure that they have all the support that's needed, as much support as possible. And most cities in the UK do have rough sleepers support teams, and we need to make sure those continue to be funded; and also that people are able to get permanent accommodation as quickly as possible.

    READ MORE: Treat Homeless as Humans

    Sputnik: Local authorities say such measures do not target the homeless, rather they‘re used to clamp down on antisocial behaviour — namely individuals begging in an aggressive or intimidating manner, or posing a health risk by setting up their tents in public places. Yet some argue these orders seem to penalise rough sleepers overall. Why is this happening?

    Matt Townsend: A lot of rough sleepers will have mental health problems, there will be drug and alcohol problems, lots of other issues going on with them. And we need to make sure that specialist support is available for any issues that rough sleepers are experiencing.

    It's often a very complicated situation. It's often not just a case of putting a roof over somebody's head, but the support that might be needed might be needed for several years. Fining people generally doesn't help. What's the point in fining somebody who's already trying to get money together for whatever reasons they're trying to get money together for?

    So I think an extra burden somebody in fining them isn't going to help. And it also breaks down the trust that needs to be formed between people like the outreach teams and rough sleepers: if they perceive that people who are in authority are looking for opportunities to fine them, rather than looking for opportunities to help them.

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    Sputnik: As the Guardian newspaper reports, some critics have accused councils of "airbrushing their streets", instead of finding an effective solution to the problem of rough sleeping. Do you agree with this opinion?

    Matt Townsend: I suspect most local authorities have right intentions, and that most people think that they are doing what's needed to help rough sleepers. However, I think a lot of people find it complicated about how to deal with rough sleepers when there are drug and alcohol issues going on, and when people have other issues going on in their lives.

    The most important thing that all local authorities need to do is make sure they keep providing specialist support; and where specialist support has been cut back around things like drug and alcohol addiction, we need to find ways to get more of that support available to people as soon as possible. It's pointless in a way just issuing fines and moving people on, because it's not actually addressing the underlying issue going on.

    The views and opinions expressed by in this article are those of the speaker and do not necessarily reflect those of Sputnik.

    The views and opinions expressed in the article do not necessarily reflect those of Sputnik.

    fines, support, homeless, United Kingdom
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