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    In this Aug. 22, 2015 file photo, a Chinese ZBD-03 airborne armored infantry fighting vehicle waits to take part in a rehearsal for a large military parade in Beijing. When China rolls out its latest armaments Thursday, Sept. 3

    Trump’s Call to Have China in INF Signifies Beijing’s Military Growth - Scholars

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    MOSCOW (Sputnik), Tommy Yang - US President’s statement that China should sign up to the Intermediate-Range Nuclear Forces (INF) Treaty could signify growing military strength of the Asian country, as Beijing was not invited to be part of the agreement when it was reached in 1987, experts told Sputnik.

    In addition to blaming Russia for alleged violations of the INF Treaty while justifying his decision to withdraw from the deal, Trump singled out China for not being subject to similar restrictions.

    "We'll have to develop these weapons, unless Russia comes to us and China comes to us and they all come to us and say, 'Let's really get smart and let's none of us develop those weapons.' But if Russia's doing it and if China's doing it and we're adhering to the agreement, that's unacceptable," Trump told reporters in Nevada following a campaign rally on Saturday.

    READ MORE: Neocons Pulling Trump's Strings to Axe Reagan's INF Treaty — Ex-US Official 

    During a regular press briefing on Tuesday, Chinese Foreign Ministry spokeswoman Hua Chunying called Trump’s comments on China a form of "blackmail."

    "We have paid attention to the relevant statement made by US President Donald Trump and his adviser John Bolton regarding China in the context of the INF Treaty … China has always adhered to the defensive nature of its national defense policy and protects its own state interests. China will not tolerate any blackmail from any country," she said.

    On First Invitation

    The fact that Trump has mentioned China when talking about the arms reduction treaty signifies that the United States acknowledges Beijing’s growing military strength, Chinese military experts told Sputnik.

    "The United States has never tried to negotiate China in terms of reduction of nuclear warheads or carrier missiles. It’ll have negative impact on China, if we also have to join a future arms reduction treaty. But on the flip side, this is also a sign of rising military strength for China. Finally, the United States seems to be willing to negotiate with China on restricting intermediate-range missiles. China has never been invited to such negotiations before. From this perspective, it’s a sign of China’s rise," Ni Lexiong, a military expert at the University of Politics and Law in Shanghai, told Sputnik.

    READ MORE: INF Treaty Break-Up: 'Hypothetical' Thoughts on New Deal 'Dangerous' — Kremlin

    The Chinese scholar added that Trump could also intend to drive a wedge between China and Russia, as Moscow could be under pressure to convince Beijing to join the arms reduction deal to save it.

    Lack of Adequate Countermeasures

    Military analysts suggested that China’s deployment of intermediate-range missiles in the West Pacific region presented new security challenges for US warships, especially amid growing military tensions in the South China Sea.

    "It has been over 40 years since China started to deploy intermediate-range missiles in the 1970s. Why the United States started to bring it up today? That’s because China’s DF-21 missiles, with a range of 1,500-2,000 kilometers (932-1,243 miles), are specifically targeting US aircraft carriers deployed in the West Pacific region to prevent them from intervening in possible military conflicts in the Taiwan Strait or the South China Sea. For China, it’s part of a defensive strategy. For the United States, it has become a threat," Yuan Jingdong, an associate professor specializing in Chinese defense and foreign policy, and global and regional arms control issues at the University of Sydney, told Sputnik.

    In this image provided by the U.S. Navy, the guided-missile cruiser USS Monterey (CG 61) fires a Tomahawk land attack missile Saturday, April 14, 2018, as part of the military response to Syria's alleged use of chemical weapons on April 7.
    © AP Photo / Lt. j.g. Matthew Daniels/U.S. Navy
    The expert noted that the United States lacks adequate deterrence to protect its warships against threats from Chinese missiles, due to restrictions under the INF Treaty that prohibits development of ground-launched nuclear missiles with a range of 500 to 5,500 kilometers.

    He also said that "the United States doesn’t have missiles with suitable ranges that can be used in the Pacific Theater in case of a military conflict, and they don’t have missiles that can match the range and capabilities of Chinese missiles deployed in the region, because of prohibitions under the INF Treaty." 

    Such deficiency in missile capabilities could also hurt the confidence regional allies have in the US military, Professor Yuan added.

    "When US aircraft carriers try to intervene in possible military conflicts in the West Pacific region or if its allies in the region require assistance, they have to take the threats from Chinese missiles into consideration. It could also lead to its allies start to lose faith in the US military’s capabilities in offering protection and deterrence. The United States does not want to see its regional allies start to develop their own nuclear capabilities," he said.

    READ MORE: China Will Not Tolerate Blackmail on Joining INF Treaty 

    In recent years, US warships have conducted regular Freedom of Navigation missions in close proximity to disputed islands in the South China Sea, after the United States accused China of escalating tensions in the region by building military installations on those islands.

    No Arms Race

    Even if the United States starts to develop new intermediate-range missiles to deter possible threats from China, it is unlikely for Beijing to engage in an arms race with Washington due to the lessons learned from the collapse of the Soviet Union, Professor Yuan suggested.

    "As social development continues to move forward in China, the Chinese government has to meet the increasing demand for social security coverage. This could curb China’s spending on the military, which accounted for about 2 percent of the annual GDP in recent years. China has also learned the lessons from the fall of the Soviet Union, which spent about 20-30 percent of its annual GDP on military expenditures. That’s why some Chinese experts suspected that the United States is trying to lure China into another arms race," he said.

    Other military analysts pointed out that China’s overall military strength, especially in terms of the number of nuclear warheads, is still way behind that of the United States.

    In addition, Carlyle Thayer, emeritus professor at the Australian Defense Force Academy in Canberra, told Sputnik that for China to take part in future arms reductions talks, "the United States would have to first cut down its nuclear arsenal similar to China’s [arsenal] size."

    "If you want to play poker with high stakes, you have to play with people with lots of money. To play with the poorer, you have to play at their level as well," the professor added.

    READ MORE: Italian, German Politicians Hope US, Russia May Renegotiate INF Treaty

    According to figures from the International Campaign to Abolish Nuclear Weapons (ICAN), China has about 270 nuclear warheads, while a number of nuclear warheads in the US arsenal could reach as much as 6,800.

    The views and opinions expressed by the speakers do not necessarily reflect those of Sputnik.

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    weapons, INF treaty, Hua Chunying, Donald Trump, China, United States, Russia
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