On August 1, Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu dropped a hint that Israel may join an anti-Iranian Arab coalition in the event Tehran blocks the Bab al-Mandab Strait, the southern entrance to the Red Sea.
"If Iran tries to block the Bab al-Mandab, I am convinced that it will find itself facing a determined international coalition to prevent this. This coalition would also include the state of Israel and all its arms," the Israeli prime minister stated.
Sputnik reached out to Boris Dolgov, a researcher at the Russian Academy of Sciences' Center for Arab and Islamic Studies and Simon Tsipis, a security analyst at the Institute for National Security Studies (INSS), Israel, asking them whether the Israeli-Arab coalition is possible.
Israeli-Arab Alliance Sounds 'Absolutely Realistic'
According to Tsipis, the Israeli-Arab alliance is quite probable, especially when it comes to a confrontation with Iran.
"The possibility is absolutely real, because Israel, the United States and Saudi Arabia have a common interest — to confront Iran. At the beginning of his presidency, [Donald] Trump paid a visit to Saudi Arabia, demonstrating to the world that his policy would be aligned with the Sunnis, led by Saudi Arabia, and directed against the Shiite world, whose leader is Iran. The interests of [the Sunni Arabs and] Israel coincide here. Israel has long been in a very tense political confrontation with Iran," he explained.
At the same time, he noted that Egypt and Jordan had signed peace treaties with Israel in 1979 and 1994 respectively, and maintained a so-called "cold peace" with Tel Aviv. Given all of the above, the prospect of an Israeli-Arab alliance is "absolutely realistic," Tsipis insists.
Moreover, the US and its Arab allies might need Israel's assistance in case of a potential confrontation with Tehran: "Israel boasts substantial naval, air and reconnaissance capabilities," he said. "Participants in the coalition, in particular the United States, would want to resort to Israel's help."
Palestinian Issue to Take Backseat
As for the Palestinian problem, it would pale in comparison with a "struggle against Iran," the Israeli security analyst opined.
"In both Jordan and Egypt, Palestinian minorities may oppose this alliance, but they pose no threat to the national security of Egypt or Jordan," he suggested. "The Palestinian issue would fall by the wayside, while the Middle Eastern NATO would become a priority."
"In my opinion, Israel will accept these conditions," the security analyst presumed. "First, participation in such a coalition would enhance Israel's prestige in the eyes of many countries of the Muslim world, since it would become a de facto ally. Second, the most important issue for Israel — the Iran problem — would be solved. Even if the IRI is not defeated, it would be significantly weakened in terms of military capabilities."
According to Tsipis, that would directly play into the hands of Tel Aviv who is seeking to reduce Tehran's influence in Syria and in the Gaza Strip.
Israeli-Arab Alliance Just Propaganda Rhetoric
Dolgov holds the opposite opinion. According to him, Netanyahu's statement is nothing but a propaganda stunt, since the Saudi-led Arab coalition would never bring Israel into its fold.
There is a Sunni-Shiite confrontation in the region," the Russian researcher said. "The Sunnis are led by Saudi Arabia, and the Shiites — by Iran. Iran is also opposed by Israel, who considers Tehran its enemy. As long as the Ayatollahs are in power, Israel will consider Iran its rival. An alliance between Israel and Sunni states, led by Saudi Arabia, is unrealistic. In the Muslim world, it would be perceived rather negatively."
Still, even if the Arab states agree to join Israel in a potential alliance, they could demand that Tel Aviv solve the Palestinian problem — a condition Israel is likely to reject, the scholar presumed.
"The Palestinian issue remains a bone of contention between Israel and the Arab world," Dolgov said. "In this conflict Egypt is in league with the Palestinians. There are a lot of Palestinians and Palestinian organizations in Jordan; they, naturally, will oppose such a solution to the Palestinian problem."
Israel and Iran have not maintained diplomatic relations since the Islamic Revolution of 1979. Over the past decades tensions between the countries have substantially escalated. For its part, Saudi Arabia severed diplomatic ties with the IRI following an attack on the Saudi Embassy in Tehran in January 2016. Saudi-Iranian relations have always been strained over geopolitical and religious issues. Although Tel Aviv and Riyadh do not have any official diplomatic relations, the Saudi Arabian leadership has recently softened its rhetoric towards Israel with Crown Prince Mohammad bin Salman "recognizing" the right of the Jewish people to have their own land.
The views and opinions expressed by the speakers do not necessarily reflect those of Sputnik.