Last December Alfred de Zayas, the UN Independent Expert on the Promotion of a Democratic and Equitable International Order, went to Venezuela where he had an opportunity to talk with various social actors such as opponents, FEDECARAMAS members (The Venezuelan Federation of Chambers of Commerce and Production), NGOs opposed to the government, the assemblymen, scientists and representatives of the Church.
"Children are dying from malnutrition, adults and old people are dying because they have no access to cancer, AIDS or diabetes medicines – all of them are the impact of sanctions,” said the lawyer.
That’s why Alfred de Zayas believes that sanctions should be regarded as a crime against humanity and the countries responsible for such crises should be tried by the International Criminal Court.
Furthermore, the analyst questioned the strategy of the radical wing of the opposition. “Trade and business in Venezuela are privately owned and don't welcome the government. And since they cannot overthrow it by means of elections they try to spread hunger and a sense of insecurity in order to allow the army to commit a coup d’etat or pull the trigger of a revolution that would topple Maduro instead of commencing negotiations”, he concluded.
On March 8, 2015, the United States imposed sanctions on seven Venezuelan officials over human rights abuses and corruption. On March 3, the restrictions were extended for another year, citing ongoing threats to US national security. On August 24, US President Donald Trump imposed sanctions on Petroleos de Venezuela, limiting its ability to finance long-term debt and targeting the country's government bonds.