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    Indian Transgender Most Vulnerable to HIV Due to Police Extortion - Doctor

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    In India, the prevalence of HIV among female transgender is 7.5%, which is nearly 19 times higher than the general population and three times higher than non-transgender female sex workers; a study conducted by National AIDS Control Organization (NACO) found.

    New Delhi (Sputnik) — A recent study has found a startling link between the Indian police and the high prevalence of HIV among the country's transgender community. The study funded by the government-owned Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR) focused on the interviews of 299 transgender women who confessed to engaging in unsafe sex in order to get extra money to earn a living as well as bribe the police.

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    "Extortion means they have to earn more money for survival which they cannot negotiate with their paying partner to use a condom for safe sex, which increases the risk of sexual disease including HIVs," Dr. Venkatesan Chakrapani, a doctor who has researched the transgender community for years told Sputnik.

    The study named "Victimization and Human Immunodeficiency Virus-Related Risk among Transgender Women in India" used latent profile analysis of the sample to identify patterns of victimization. 

    "We have conducted this study to know the broad circumstances under which transgender women are not able to use condoms. Transgender women of a high verbal and physical police victimization profile had higher sexual risk including HIVs than transgender women in low victimization profile," Dr. Chakrapani said. 

    There are various ways they are extorted. Female transgender women have to pay money to the police to stand at certain locations while finding a client, he added. 

    In India, the total population of the transgender community is around 488,000 as per the 2011 census while activists claim that the number is much higher. The primary data released by the census department identifies all transgender as "males." Therefore, transgender women fear police action under a law that prohibits "carnal intercourse against the order of nature with any man, woman or animal," which is widely interpreted to refer to homosexual sex.

    READ MORE: India's Top Court Agrees to Re-examine Law Criminalizing Homosexuality

    Earlier this month, India's apex court had agreed to re-examine its earlier decision that rendered homosexual acts punishable by up to 10 years in prison. The petition was filed on behalf of the transgender, gay and lesbian communities.

    The views and opinions expressed by Venkatesan Chakrapani are those of the speaker and do not necessarily reflect those of Sputnik.

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    safe, transgender, extortion, HIV, Supreme Court of India, India
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