WASHINGTON, December 19 (Sputnik) — Russia will need to tap into alternative markets and technology capital in order to meet President Vladimir Putin's two-year economic recovery plan, experts told Sputnik on Friday.
"I think that pipelines to China and other alternative markets can be built largely on that [two-year] time scale. Acute shortages of certain consumer goods can probably be alleviated too," Brookings Institution scholar Michael O'Hanlon said. "But the broader benefits of engagement with the West for high-tech investment, and the like, will not be recovered within two years, or any other finite and predictable amount of time, because Russia really does need the access to international technology and capital."
"Yes, Russia needs Western tech and expertise, absolutely, but Western energy companies also need this thing called oil and gas; this is not something you find everywhere. The West generally fears a weak Russia more than a strong Russia," Kofman said.
In case the Ukraine conflict settles down a bit, Kofman added, it is "more than likely Western companies will get exemptions and continue working."
In addition, Kofman said that to realize Putin's prediction, Russia will also have to restructure its economy and find not only alternative countries to work with, but also alternative sources of cash flow.
"Russia will have to diversify the economy away from resource extraction and export, create more domestic consumption at home, substitute imports with domestic production," Kofman added.
"Putin has been saying these things even before he became President — that Russia has to diversify its economy. But it's hard to do that when oil prices are rising and you're doing really well. His [President Putin's] statement that the decline in oil prices is an opportunity for Russia to reform shouldn't be taken as bluster," Katz said.
"Obviously the West is an important source of high-technology, but there are other sources. The Chinese have made great strides in this area, and obviously India has too. One shouldn't count out the fact that Russia itself has a tremendously talented pool in this specific area," he said.
On Thursday, President Putin said during his speech at the annual conference that the Russian economy could recover within two years. However, he also said that it was time to diversify and to put Russia on an "innovative development path" to prevent the economy from being so vulnerable to external conditions.