MOSCOW, (RIA Novosti political commentator Alexander Yurov.) -- After Russia's company Intelligent Security Systems (ISS) developed an unusual computer-operated security system, the eternal question if spontaneous processes in the world can be controlled without much spending has been answered in the affirmative.
The idea is to take the human factor out of daily boring surveillance. An observation camera should function automatically and not to alert those on duty until the danger is real. ISS has developed a special operating system easily installable on a standard computer. The user needs only to configure it to meet his or her requirements. The system can look for unwanted cars, escaped convicts among passers-by, watch for fire hazards, or control access to off-limit premises. Any security system is human-dependent. A person on duty has his eyes constantly glued to dozens of surveillance cameras. Occasionally he has to look at fire alerts and access clearance systems. An ordinary person is by far more perfect than any machine. No computer can compare in intelligence to a human being. But the human mind, despite its brilliance, is not without flaws. The eye gets adapted to a routine situation and fails to pick up insignificant changes. As a result, people make mistakes and let criminals escape.
"Moscow State University has helped us to devise intellectual filters which can pick out faces in a crowd, or car number plates in the traffic and automatically identify them," says ISS director general Roman Zharkoi. "They can analyze vehicle behavior on the roads: speed and movement ... they can analyze human behavior. We have units capable of watching customer's response as they line up in front of a cash desk in a shop. The camera can also follow the cashier's actions to minimize mistakes. If the cashier acts out of the ordinary, the computer gives a signal. Incidentally, such a system is already installed at one of IKEA's Moscow outlets." The company first floated the idea on foreign markets in 1996. And by 1999, says Zharkoi, ISS had gained the reputation as a reliable developer of security software. However, real recognition was still far off. It is only this year that the company has concluded a contract with IBM to install securOS (Security Operating System) on its computers. As a result, the Russian idea has gained access to international markets.
"We also have contacts with IMB-France," says Zharkoi. "In France there are dozens of potential clients wishing to have our system at their facilities. The negotiations are drawing to a close, and pilot projects will start functioning before the end of 2005. Our system will operate in banks that have a large network of affiliates, in pharmacies and at gas filling stations. A digital network will connect up to hundreds and thousands of servers. One chosen center will control security at these facilities."
However, the biggest project carried out by ISS has been to mount cameras in Moscow. There are about 10,000 of them installed in the Russian capital. This video monitoring system acts as part of the Safe City state program launched in 2001.True, it employs not only ISS technologies. But the company's presence is noticeable.
The company also has its systems working abroad. The New York Palace Hotel has adopted the person identification system. The residence of the Brazilian president, the Qatar liquefied gas plant and Sofia airport all have the Russian security system installed.