How should the Pope's influence in the world be assessed? The Catholic Church should probably have the best-informed diplomats in the world because it has agents almost everywhere. Even if the Pope's words are not necessarily listened to, especially that of John Paul II with regard to the US intervention in Iraq in 2003, Catholicism has become increasingly influential in the Southern Hemisphere while it gradually abandons a western civilisation which has become dechristianized:
Can you compare Pope John Paul II with Pope Francis? Do you consider them to have conservative or progressive ideas? During the past few weeks, the Marrakesh Pact (Pacte de Marrakech) has been vehemently debated. Why did Pope Francis advocate the signing of this UN treaty?
"Pope Francis follows the Commandments of Jesus Christ literally, as John Paul II might have done as well. (…) He refers to the Gospel [where it is said to welcome a foreigner who knocks at the door]. All the Popes say about the same thing. A Catholic must accept a foreigner. (…) To accept a foreigner, poor, in need of help, but without destabilising the European society. (…) As for conservatism, all Popes are conservatives. Pope Francis is an opponent of abortion, same-sex marriage".
At the beginning of the 21st century, what can be said today about Pope John Paul II and his principles in international relations? Did the inspiration of the Solidarity movement* (Polish: Solidarność), born on the other side of the Iron Curtain, contribute to the collapse of the USSR?
In 1989, after the fall of the Berlin Wall, diplomatic relations between the Kremlin and the Vatican which had been severed in 1917, were restored. Mikhail Gorbachev, who adhered to the same concept of united and independent Europe, came to the Vatican on an official visit:
"On 1 December 1989, that is three weeks after the fall of the Wall, when Mikhail Gorbachev visited John Paul II in the Vatican, they met for the first time — it was a historic visit […] They spoke mainly about Europe, about the "Common Home". Each of them had their own terminology. Gorbachev spoke of the "Common European Home", the Pope spoke of "Europe that breathes with both lungs": Western and Eastern. In fact, they talked about the same thing: about a united Europe with its own culture. (…) Both shared the fear that Europe would be influenced by the United States after the fall of the Wall".
The Pope, in addition to his duties as head of the state, also serves as the head of the Catholic Church, competing with the Russian and Greek Orthodox Churches. If, for political reasons, Catholics and Orthodox have been divided since 1054, the Second Vatican Council (1962), in which John Paul II actively participated, established a form of reconciliation, thus no longer considering their Slavic brothers as "schismatics":
"The sovereign pontiff dreamed of visiting Moscow but it was impossible. Gorbachev was ready to welcome him and even invited him. It was not the Soviet or Russian government that prevented this but the Moscow Patriarchate, the Russian Orthodox Church, who did not like John Paul II. He was for them if not an enemy then at least a rival".
*Polish: Solidarność, full name: Independent Self-governing Labour Union "Solidarity" was a broad anti-bureaucratic social movement, using the methods of civil resistance to advance the causes of workers' rights and social change, has been provided significant financial support by Pope John Paul II and the United States, estimated to be as much as 50 million US dollars.
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