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How US Embassy Transfer Risks Driving a Wedge Between Israel, Arab World

© AFP 2021 / SAID KHATIBA Palestinian man uses a slingshot during clashes with Israeli forces along the border with the Gaza strip east of Khan Yunis on May 14, 2018, as Palestinians protest over the inauguration of the US embassy following its controversial move to Jerusalem
A Palestinian man uses a slingshot during clashes with Israeli forces along the border with the Gaza strip east of Khan Yunis on May 14, 2018, as Palestinians protest over the inauguration of the US embassy following its controversial move to Jerusalem - Sputnik International
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The transfer of the US Embassy to Jerusalem on May 14 was accompanied by violent clashes between Israeli soldiers and Palestinian protesters at the Gaza border. The violence has triggered a harsh response from Muslim states threatening to impair Israel's relations with regional Arab powers.

The May 14 opening of the US Embassy in Jerusalem has prompted polarized responses: While some observers are voicing concerns over Donald Trump's controversial move, others suggest that the decision is unlikely to exacerbate further tensions in the already war-torn Middle East.

Speaking to Sputnik, the director general of the Russian International Affairs Council (RIAC), Andrei Kortunov, opined that the White House's move was premature and counterproductive: The embassy transfer may seriously irritate America's Arab allies and complicate Israel's cooperation with Saudi Arabia, let alone the further radicalization of the Palestinian movement, he noted.

"I believe that both the United States and the government of Benjamin Netanyahu, who insisted on such a decision, have made a mistake," Kortunov said. "The symbolic meaning of the gesture is quite understandable, for Israel this is important, but it will play a clearly destructive role in regional politics."

The Israeli and Swedish flags in the Baltic Arena in Malmo, Sweden, Friday March 6, 2009. (photo used as illustration only) - Sputnik International
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According to the scholar, Trump is seeking to boost the Republican Party's positions ahead of the upcoming 2018 congressional elections and gain the upper hand in the 2020 presidential race.

"Additionally, [Trump] behaves in a shocking way which is typical of him: He never misses a chance to demonstrate his independence, unpredictability and perseverance in pursuing his goals," he added.

Timofey Bordachev, the director of the Center for Comprehensive European and International Studies at Russia's National Research University Higher School of Economics, presumed that one should not overdramatize the situation.

"On the one hand, the transfer of the embassy shows that old rules and regulations no longer work," he suggested. "On the other hand, it was done at the right time, since in the context of Syrian events, the conflict between Israel and Iran and the Russian-American confrontation, nobody cares about the fate of Jerusalem and the unfortunate Palestinians."

On May 14, Washington officially recognized Jerusalem as Israel's capital by moving the US Embassy there.

Palestinian demonstrators burn tyres near the Gaza-Israel border, east of Gaza City, as Palestinians readied for protests over the inauguration of the US embassy following its controversial move to Jerusalem on May 14, 0218 - Sputnik International
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The ceremony on Monday coincided with the 70th anniversary of Israel's foundation: On May 14, 1948, the chairman of the Jewish Agency for Palestine, David Ben-Gurion, proclaimed the establishment of the Israeli state.

While Trump's daughter Ivanka Trump, her husband Jared Kushner, Treasury Secretary Steven Mnuchin and other high-ranking US politicians were taking part in the opening ceremony, protests erupted on the border of the Gaza Strip.

The protesters threw Molotov cocktails and rocks at Israeli soldiers amid violent clashes on the border with the Gaza Strip, which resulted in more than 2,500 Palestinians being wounded and 59 killed, including an 8-month-old child, according to the Palestinian Health Ministry.

On March 30, the Great March of Return kicked off along the Gaza border ahead of the 70th anniversary of the establishment of Israel, which the Arabs living in the region call "the Nakba," ("catastrophe") as it resulted in the forcible departure of hundreds of thousands of Palestinians.

Speaking to Sputnik, Gaza Healthcare Ministry spokesman Ashraf Qidra revealed that since March 30, 104 Palestinians have been killed and over 12,000 others injured by the Israeli forces.

However, it was relatively calm in Jerusalem on May 14, according to Benny Briskin, a former aide to the Israeli prime minister: "There were very few people on the streets — everyone was watching the opening ceremony of the [US] embassy on TV. [There were] no demonstrations. Of course, additional security measures were taken — [the authorities] were very well prepared for this day."

© AFP 2021 / MAHMUD HAMSPalestinians carry a demonstrator injured during clashes with Israeli forces near the border between the Gaza strip and Israel east of Gaza City on May 14, 2018, as Palestinians readied for protests over the inauguration of the US embassy following its controversial move to Jerusalem
Palestinians carry a demonstrator injured during clashes with Israeli forces near the border between the Gaza strip and Israel east of Gaza City on May 14, 2018, as Palestinians readied for protests over the inauguration of the US embassy following its controversial move to Jerusalem - Sputnik International
Palestinians carry a demonstrator injured during clashes with Israeli forces near the border between the Gaza strip and Israel east of Gaza City on May 14, 2018, as Palestinians readied for protests over the inauguration of the US embassy following its controversial move to Jerusalem

The Israeli flag flutters in front of the Dome of the Rock mosque and the city of Jerusalem, on December 1, 2017 - Sputnik International
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Meanwhile, the border slaughter prompted President Recep Tayyip Erdogan to recall the Turkish ambassadors to both the US and Israel.

"Turkey will react to this harshly. We have withdrawn our ambassadors from Washington and Tel Aviv for consultations. We also propose to convene an emergency meeting of the UN Security Council. We will hold talks with many leaders," Erdogan stated Monday.

On May 15, Turkish Prime Minister Binali Yildirim urged Muslim countries to reconsider their ties with Israel in light of the recent border clashes in Gaza.

The Republic of South Africa followed Ankara's suit and recalled its ambassador from Israel.

For its part, the EU called upon parties involved to show restraint, drawing attention to the role of Hamas, a Palestinian militant group, during the protests.

"Israel must respect the right to peaceful protest and the principle of proportionality in the use of force. Hamas and those leading the demonstrations in Gaza must ensure that they remain strictly non-violent and must not exploit them for other means," the EU statement said.

Visitors have a photo taken at the entrance to the new U.S. Embassy in Jerusalem, Monday, May 14, 2018 - Sputnik International
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At the same time, the White House pinned the blame on Hamas: "The responsibility for these tragic deaths rests squarely with Hamas. Israel has the right to defend itself," Principal Deputy Press Secretary Raj Shah.

Earlier, Moscow signaled its concerns over the opening of the US Embassy in Jerusalem, stressing that the move could increase regional tensions

Trump's decision to recognize Jerusalem as the capital of Israel was announced in December 2017 prompting a storm of criticism from international observers as well as fierce protests in the Arab world.

The US Congress passed the so-called Jerusalem Embassy Act envisaging the relocation of the US Embassy in Israel from Tel Aviv to Jerusalem no later than May 31, 1999, in 1995. However, American presidents hesitated to sign the act into law due to Washington's uneasy relations with the Arab world.

The views of the contributors do not necessarily reflect those of Sputnik.

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