Fuel for Atom Smashers: Siberian Physicists Develop Unique Collider Generator

© Wikipedia / Eto shorcy BEP — booster of electrons and positrons at VEPP-2000 collider complex. Budker Institute of Nuclear Physics
BEP — booster of electrons and positrons at VEPP-2000 collider complex. Budker Institute of Nuclear Physics - Sputnik International
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The promising project, already in the testing stage, will effectively allow Russia to achieve self-sufficiency in this area of scientific study.

Researchers from the Budker Institute of Nuclear Physics in Akademgorodok, Novosibirsk region have developed and begun testing of a powerful klystron generator for use by Russian particle accelerators.

The klystron is a high-frequency generator, an important component for the collider's particle acceleration system. At the moment, Russian physics institutes purchase klystrons from Japanese and Western European companies such as Toshiba and Thales.

"We need powerful generators – klystrons, which allow for the creation of an intense electromagnetic field, and factually accelerate the particles in colliders," Budker Institute deputy director Yevgeny Levichev explained.

© Sputnik / Alexandr Kryazhev / Go to the photo bankScientific center employees during technical work on the VEPP-2000 collider at the Budker Institute of Nuclear Physics in Novosibirsk
Scientific center employees during technical work on the VEPP-2000 collider at the Budker Institute of Nuclear Physics in Novosibirsk - Sputnik International
Scientific center employees during technical work on the VEPP-2000 collider at the Budker Institute of Nuclear Physics in Novosibirsk

"At the moment, these devices are not produced in Russia. They are not only expensive, but the situation is such that [countries] simply might not sell them to us," Levichev added, explaining the institute's decision to develop their own klystrons.

Accelerator hall at the high-energy physics laboratory of the Joint Institute for Nuclear Research in Dubna - Sputnik International
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According to the scientist, the Budker Institute's klystron will become one of key components in the planned Novosibirsk 'scientific megaproject' featuring a unique electron-positron collider known as the Super Tau Charm Factory. Funds from the Russian Scientific Foundation for that project have been allocated to the development of the new, Russian-made klystron.

According to Levichev, testing on the generating system is underway, and the institute hopes to create a fully functional, production-worthy klystron sometime this year.

The Budker Institute's planned Super Tau Charm Factory particle accelerator and collider is an ambitious and costly project which, when completed, will allow for the study of the collision of beams of electrons and positrons, in the hopes of identifying and classifying phenomena and processes beyond the Standard Model of particle physics.

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